Drug Chemical Structures

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Carleton University
CHEM 1004
Gerald Buchanan

Mid-Term Review Drug Chemical Structures Functional Group - Small set of atoms held together by a covalent bond Ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin): ● 2-phenyl propanoic acid ● carboxylic acid side chain, benzene ring, isobutyl group ● Little bleeding and best for arthritis (anti-inflammatory), analgesic, non-anticoagulant, pyretic ● Effective at lower doses than aspirin and acetaminophen Aspirin: ● Acetylsalicylic Acid; 2-hydroxybenzoic acid ● C9H8O4 ● 1 benzene ring, carboxylic acid (COOH), ester (CO3CH ) ● Anti-inflammatory(reduce inflammation), analgesic(pain killer), antipyretic(lowers fever), anticoagulant blood thinner(reduces number of platelets) ● Cause bleeding and very dangerous for children Steroids (Cholesterol): ● All steroids have 6,6,6,5 ring membered structure ● Cholesterols - High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) is ‘good’ cholesterol (contains unsaturated fatty acids), Low Density Lipoprotein is ‘bad’ cholesterol (mostly saturated fatty acids) Lipitor (Lower cholesterol): ● Generic Name: Atorvastatin Acetaminophen (Tylenol): ● 4-aminophenol (OH-benzene). Contains an alcohol, an amide, and a benzene ring ● Non-anti inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, no bleeding, less chance of nausea ● made of aniline (“coal tar” derivative) ● Potentially toxic to the liver and kidneys (especially when mixed with alcohol) ● Para amino phenol derivative Naproxen (Aleve): ● Synthetic with some similarities to ibuprofen. H
More Less

Related notes for CHEM 1004

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.