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CHST 1000 (2)

CHST 1000 Exam Topics

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Trent University
Child Studies
CHST 1000
Jack Hicks

Lecture 2: Global Issues Facing Childhood The levels of influence:  The individual child  The family  Residential and relational community  Programmes and services  Regional and national  Global Key Terms: What is globalization, and how is it affecting childhood? Globalization: “It is a particular type of international integration” Discourse: “a set of interconnected ideas that work together in a self-contained way, ideas that are held together by a particular ideology or view of the world” • These ideas reflect socio-political and historical context • A discourse is a conceptual framework for interpretation of facts or events Discourses of childhood (Puritan/Hobbes, Tabula Rasa/Locke, Romantic /Rousseau) Approaches to Childhood (Scientific, Social Constructionist, Applied) Applied Approach: Welfare vs. Justice Model Lecture 3: Childhood in Time and Place Philip Aries  main argument -looked at how children were represented in paintings to describe social constructions of childhood -construction developed by the Church and the elite to encourage families to control their children Criticism of Aries’ work: -SES spectrum not represented -other literary evidence that parents cared about their children in the middle ages Know the progression of child labour laws (in Western countries)  mid to late 1800s -describe the reasons why there was a decline in child labour Lecture 4: Poverty and Social Inequality Be able to identify the difference between absolute poverty, relative poverty and social inequality What is social inequality? How did we discuss this concept in class? We discussed it in the context of income inequality (unequal distribution of wealth) whereby the GDP of a country is less predictive of health and wellbeing than social inequality (Wilkinson TedTalk video) Risks of poverty Changes of extreme poverty  more emphasis of social inequality within countries (less social capital) -refer to Brent’s lecture to support this (Whitehall study) Social Capital, be familiar with different aspects:  Structural - entities that link individuals together (Church, community centres…)  Cognitive – level of trust  Bonding – exclusivity towards the members of a group/stronger ties  Bridging – weaker ties but more positive because it brings different groups together (ex. Social Networks)  Horizontal vs. Vertical How does this relate to poverty? Lecture 5: Early Childhood Development Adverse Childhood Experiences Christchurch Human Development Study and Adverse Childhood Experiences Study Know the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and adult health outcomes and tie this to a theme in Child Studies (address policy and practice) Intergenerational Trauma, how does this relate to adverse childhood experiences? Provide examples of this...
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