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CLCV 1002 A: List of Terms to Midterm Test
Please note that for the midterm test you will be responsible for material in all lectures so
far. Not all terms are in this file: you will have to consult the list of terms to quiz 1 also.
The Classical Period (490-323 BC)
The Persian Wars (490-479 BC)
Darius the Great
Ionian revolt (499-494 BC) – Miletus, Sardis, Athens
The Invasion of Darius (490 BC)
the Battle of Marathon (490 BC and Miltiades)
The Invasion of Xerxes, 482-479 BC
Persians have 250 000 men and 1200 ships
Greeks have no more than 100 000 men and 350 ships
Greek Strategy defend narrows
Battle of Thermopylai (480 BC) - Leonidas, 300 Spartiates, Thespians, Thebans
Sack of Athens, 480 BC
Battle of Salamis (480 BC)
Battle of Plataia (479 BC)
Consequences of the Persian Wars:
Vast riches pour into Greece
Athenian dominance the Delian League, 478 BC (Athenian Empire)
Radical democracy at Athens payment for public service (Boule, juries,
rowers), lottery for government offices (except strategos and treasurer)
The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC)
Athens versus Sparta – Perikles’ strategy, plague
the Sicilian Expedition (415-412 BC)Syracuse
Athens surrenders 404 BC
Consequences of war: decline of city-state system – Sparta and Athens; foreign
interference Persia and Macedon
The Rise of Macedon
Philip II – Battle of Chaeronea, 338 BC
Alexander the Great (rule 336-323 BC) – conquers Persia (334-323 BC)
Successor Kingdoms: Antigonid, Seleucid (city of Antioch), Attalid (city of Pergamum),
Ptolemaic (city of Alexandria)
The Hellenistic Period – “in the style of Greek culture”
starts 323 BC (death of Alexander)
ends either 146 BC (Rome conquers Greece) or 31 BC (Rome conquers Ptolemaic Egypt)
science and reason; myth = history; structure of the family
the genealogical principle cosmogony = Hesiod’s Theogony (Chaos, Gaia, Eros, and Ouranos)
Characteristics of Greek Gods :
polytheistic – Olympian versus chthonic
epithets (Athena: polias, parthenos, promachos, ergane)
anthropomorphic (physically, socially, psychologically)
gods versus humans? gods are more powerful and immortal
humanism and pessimism
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