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Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCV 1002

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CLCV 1002 B: List of Terms to Quiz 2
Epic Poetry con’t
aoidos and kithara
Homer, ca.750 BC – Chios, blind, the “Homeric question”
The Iliadproem
Background to the Iliad – wedding of Peleus and Thetis, apple of Discord, Judgment of
Paris, Menelaus and Helen, Agamemnon, Trojan War (1000 ships, 10 years of
Story of the Iliadprizes of honour, Chryseis and Briseis, Thetis
The heroic code (epic hero): is eternal fame worth dying for? Sarpedon and Glaucus,
Patroclus and Hector, Priam and resolution
themes of the Iliad – death is common to all, mortality gives meaning to life
Drama: Tragedy
Dionysos Great Dionysia, tragodia and satyr play
competitive – 3 playwrights, 4 plays (3 tragedies, 1 satyr play)
choros and choregos
actors – Thespis (534 BC), hypokrites “answerer” or “interpreter”, also protagonistes
costumes and masks
The Physical Setting: theatron, orchestra, parodos and skene,
theologeion, mechane (deus ex machina), ekkyklema
Parts of a Tragedy: prologos, parodos, epeisodion (agon, messenger report),
stasimon (strophe and antistrophe), exodus
The Tragic Hero: hybris, agnoia, tyche, pathei mathos, hamartia, and nemesis
Aeschylus (ca.525-456 BC)
Fate versus free will, order and justice through divine intervention
The Oresteia trilogy (458 BC)
Sophocles (ca. 496-406 BC)
revelation of truth, suffering reveals the human spirit
Oedipus the generic hero: “swollen foot”, Mt. Cithaeron, Corinth, Delphi, triodos, Sphinx
Oedipus Tyrannos, ca.430-425 BC
Aristotle’s judgment in the Poetics
Laius, Jocasta, Kreon, Teiresias (metaphor of sight and blindness)
Prologos by Oedipus, plague in Thebes,
Sigmund Freud – the “Oedipus Complex”
fate vs free will, Aristotle and katharsis
Euripides (ca.480-406 BC) - Bacchae 404 BC
pessimistic, jaded, cynical
melodrama, psychology, passion and crisis (especially in women – eg. the Medea)
Intellectual Revolution 700 BC on – Ionia and Miletus
philosophia “love of wisdom”
natural philosophy – materialism, the arche (four elements of: earth, air, fire, water)
ethical philosophy – ontology, the nature of life itself
Pre-Socratics: observation and reason, not experimentation
Milesian School (early 6th BC)’
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