Study Guides (258,622)
CA (124,962)
Carleton (4,155)
ENGL (34)
ENGL 2300 (6)
Midterm

ENGL 2300 Midterm: British Lit Midterm 2 Study Guide
Premium

12 Pages
99 Views

Department
English
Course Code
ENGL 2300
Professor
Travis Decook

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 12 pages of the document.
Author
Title
Lit Type
Basic Plot/Themes
Specific Notes
Geoffrey Chaucer
The Canterbury Tales:
“The Wife of Bath’s
Prologue and Tale”
Story (anthology)
of 17 000 lines in
Middle English
-Pilgrim concerned with the worldly
aspects, as opposed to spiritual
-A woman who’s job is to be a wife;
has had 5 husbands
-Gives her thoughts about
marriage
-Looks to authority in the Bible and
uses it in context to how she
behaves
-Dominance and control in
relationship; anti-feminist
perspectives
-Youth, beauty and status
-Worldly aspects: in love/sex and travelling; image of the
Wife as a wanderer
-Wife as wanderer: goes beyond the conventions of the time
-Mastery and status: gains control over her husbands by
using her body as a bargaining tool (wears spurs)
-Her headgear is large and her stockings are scarlet (an
expensive dye): symbols of status, and her desire to be
seen
-A figure of power and self-assertion
-Contradictory: what she says and does conflict; no sense of
coherent personality, performing for others
-Rebelling: the more control assigned the more she rebels,
she reaches for power in a problematic way
-Defends her marriages and sexuality: uses authority (the
Bible and Aristotle) but then decides that experience is what
she will rely on
-Sex as God-given: The Bible doesn’t explicitly reject multiple
marriages (Solomon); God feeds the world with humble
barley bread (non-virgins- opposite of white bread [virgins])
-Generosity: don’t think about what others have if you want to
be happy (inexhaustible lantern)
-When you have more the value goes down (her husband’s
love)
-Economic analogy: we are attracted to difficulty
-“win whatever you can, because everything is up for sale”
she let’s them have sex with her so she can get things
-Vulnerable with age: she will be less valuable as she ages
-The Arthurian tale: the women have authority because they
decide on the man’s punishment V. allow the rapist to live;
the Old Woman is idealistic as she says that it is what’s
inside that matters (unlike the wife’s approach); the power of
the decision is given to the OW and then back again she she
becomes beautiful
-Through conflict the Wife and Jankyn transform: mutual
kindness is reached by conflict
-The OW turns back to being young: the Wife’s concerns
about age
-Both the Wife and Pardoner twist religion and participate in it
in a way the reader doesn’t expect
-Language to manipulate: relationship between message and
messenger
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
The Canterbury Tales:
“The Pardoner’s
Prologue and Tale”
-Chaucer’s concern with clerical
abuse
-Cheats people out of their money
by associating money with evil
-Takes pride in his abilities
-Challenges the virtue of his
profession on many levels
-Story with the tree men looking for
gold (and Death) under a tree
-Sexual orientation: ambiguous (the Summoner), but brags
about having women in every town
-Carries false indulgences: cross full of stones to seem hefty
with gold; pigs bones, not St. bones
-Turn church values into a commodity to be sold
-Manipulates sense of authority; master of language/
preaching
-Has no delusions or self-justification
-Good can come of evil: he is the embodiment of greed BUT
his preaching can still bring ppl away from sin. Preaching
carries its own message regardless of who delivers it
-Bodily fragmentation: who people are publicly and privately
are often divided
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Thomas More
Utopia
Book of fiction/
political philosophy
(originally in Latin)
-Notion of surveillance
-Private property
-Theft and corporal punishment
-Authority in intellect
-Humanism
-Raphael Hythloday: “spoken with nonsense”, invites us to be
sceptical to Raphael’s argumentation
-Humanism: becoming a master of language (Petrarch),
language is a way to influence and action
-Death V. rehabilitation: society has to take responsibility for
theft
-War: in Europe is for monarchal gain; in Utopia is to
assassinate the opposite leader for minimal deaths
-Raphael as a counsellor: compared to being “enslaved” as
the court is so corrupt that no one would listen to him, they
all just want to flatter/please the monarch
-More thinks Raphael is being idealistic through academic
philosophy: looks at idealism and realistic compromise
(moral stance on accommodating your message to your
audience)
-Individualism in Utopia: clothes all the same, no separated
family unit, everyone does all jobs
-Age is valued for wisdom; women are still below men; slave
aren’t part of Utopia but Utopia relies on them; scholars
exempted from manual labour
-Anyone can be in the higher class: all about ability
-Separation: change house every 10yrs; people with similar
abilities live together, in this way they can’t separate
themselves as much by ability/personality
-Schedule: strict, never private, idea of ancestors. They don’t
get an inner life
-Surveillance (panopticon): ancestors, busy schedules,
church and family units
-Oppression: things that have a positive attribute but also a
negative aspect are glossed over by Raphael
-Slave: a place of social distinction that doesn’t fit the Utopian
mindset
-The slaves kill the animals because it is said to “harden”
people
-Mercenaries: Utopians care about the dollar so they can do
business with non-Utopians; Utopians exploit people who
only care about money (there is also no rehabilitation)
-Utopians use slaves, assassins, etc. as scapegoats so that
they don’t have to do anything that is unappealing
-For their society to continue they disregard their own values
for non-Utopians (hypocrisy in morality)
-Marriage (looking a each other naked): compared to buying
a horse; uses an economic analogy and dehumanizes the
person. Has an economic value V. relational aspect
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
find more resources at oneclass.com Author Title Lit Type Basic Plot/Themes Specific Notes Geoffrey Chaucer The Canterbury Tales: Story (anthology) - Pilgrim concerned with the worldly - Worldly aspects: in love/sex and travelling; image of the “The Wife of Bath’s of 17 000 lines in aspects, as opposed to spiritual Wife as a wanderer Prologue and Tale” Middle English - A woman who’s job is to be a wife; - Wife as wanderer: goes beyond the conventions of the time has had 5 husbands - Mastery and status: gains control over her husbands by - Gives her thoughts about using her body as a bargaining tool (wears spurs) marriage - Her headgear is large and her stockings are scarlet (an - Looks to authority in the Bible and expensive dye): symbols of status, and her desire to be uses it in context to how she seen behaves - A figure of power and self-assertion - Dominance and control in - Contradictory: what she says and does conflict; no sense of relationship; anti-feminist coherent personality, performing for others perspectives - Rebelling: the more control assigned the more she rebels, - Youth, beauty and status she reaches for power in a problematic way - Defends her marriages and sexuality: uses authority (the Bible and Aristotle) but then decides that experience is what she will rely on - Sex as God-given: The Bible doesn’t explicitly reject multiple marriages (Solomon); God feeds the world with humble barley bread (non-virgins- opposite of white bread [virgins]) - Generosity: don’t think about what others have if you want to be happy (inexhaustible lantern) - When you have more the value goes down (her husband’s love) - Economic analogy: we are attracted to difficulty - “win whatever you can, because everything is up for sale” she let’s them have sex with her so she can get things - Vulnerable with age: she will be less valuable as she ages - The Arthurian tale: the women have authority because they decide on the man’s punishment V. allow the rapist to live; the Old Woman is idealistic as she says that it is what’s inside that matters (unlike the wife’s approach); the power of the decision is given to the OW and then back again she she becomes beautiful - Through conflict the Wife and Jankyn transform: mutual kindness is reached by conflict - The OW turns back to being young: the Wife’s concerns about age - Both the Wife and Pardoner twist religion and participate in it in a way the reader doesn’t expect - Language to manipulate: relationship between message and messenger find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com The Canterbury Tales: - Chaucer’s concern with clerical - Sexual orientation: ambiguous (the Summoner), but brags “The Pardoner’s abuse about having women in every town Prologue and Tale” - Cheats people out of their money - Carries false indulgences: cross full of stones to seem hefty by associating money with evil with gold; pigs bones, not St. bones - Takes pride in his abilities - Turn church values into a commodity to be sold - Challenges the virtue of his - Manipulates sense of authority; master of language/ profession on many levels preaching - - Story with the tree men looking for - Has no delusions or self-justification gold (and Death) under a tree Good can come of evil: he is the embodiment of greed BUT his preaching can still bring ppl away from sin. Preaching carries its own message regardless of who delivers it - Bodily fragmentation: who people are publicly and privately are often divided find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com Thomas More Utopia Book of fiction/ - Notion of surveillance - Raphael Hythloday: “spoken with nonsense”, invites us to be political philosophy - Private property sceptical to Raphael’s argumentation (originally in Latin) - Theft and corporal punishment - Humanism: becoming a master of language (Petrarch), - Authority in intellect language is a way to influence and action - Humanism - Death V. rehabilitation: society has to take responsibility for theft - War: in Europe is for monarchal gain; in Utopia is to assassinate the opposite leader for minimal deaths - Raphael as a counsellor: compared to being “enslaved” as the court is so corrupt that no one would listen to him, they all just want to flatter/please the monarch - More thinks Raphael is being idealistic through academic philosophy: looks at idealism and realistic compromise (moral stance on accommodating your message to your audience) - Individualism in Utopia: clothes all the same, no separated family unit, everyone does all jobs - Age is valued for wisdom; women are still below men; slave aren’t part of Utopia but Utopia relies on them; scholars exempted from manual labour - Anyone can be in the higher class: all about ability - Separation: change house every 10yrs; people with similar abilities live together, in this way they can’t separate themselves as much by ability/personality - Schedule: strict, never private, idea of ancestors. They don’t get an inner life - Surveillance (panopticon): ancestors, busy schedules, church and family units - Oppression: things that have a positive attribute but also a negative aspect are glossed over by Raphael - Slave: a place of social distinction that doesn’t fit the Utopian mindset - The slaves kill the animals because it is said to “harden” people - Mercenaries: Utopians care about the dollar so they can do business with non-Utopians; Utopians exploit people who only care about money (there is also no rehabilitation) - Utopians use slaves, assassins, etc. as scapegoats so that - they don’t have to do anything that is unappealing For their society to continue they disregard their own values for non-Utopians (hypocrisy in morality) - Marriage (looking a each other naked): compared to buying a horse; uses an economic analogy and dehumanizes the person. Has an economic value V. relational aspect find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com - True and False Values: pleasure of the mind not body - Reflecting on a life well lived, practicing virtues - Authenticity: things that are not authentic are not truly valuable (ex. clothes are only valued according to arbitrary temporary fashions) - Social conventions give false value: it is not the thing that matters but the way we think about the thing - Gold V. iron which is more useful: Utopia uses gold to make toilets or chains for slaves in order to devalue it - Pride stops Europe from being like Utopia: people like to have what others don’t - You’re not enjoying it then, it’s just spiteful: Utopia is set to change human tendency towards pride - Utopia still has pride: utopians v. non-utopians, community garden competitions, scholars v. normals - The society hinges on the exclusion of others - - Philip Sidney Astrophil and Stella: Poetry: defensive, Sonnets often about love but also Line 1: expresses genuine love but uses the word “fain”= “Sonnet 1” Petrarchan (14 the difficulty of loving so deeply “feign” as in ‘constructed’ lines) - Metaphors express woman’s - Defensive poetry: history doesn’t make you a better person; beauty philosophy is boring; poetry teaches and delights - Cliche over time - Line 8: “grace” could be something God-given or sexual - Inexperience with love: entails two - Stanza 2: life giving image (water drips from trees); positive extremes such as “joy” but aspects of study “despair” - Stanza 3: Astrophil gets caught up in others’ thinking; calls - Beauty: isn’t just lustful but brings his writing “invention”, study is discouraging poetry - a man to higher things (godly) Stanza 4: last 2 lines begin with stressed syllables, forced - Woman: represents spiritual sounds mirror forced content ideals and virtue embodied in - Final message: forget study, look to your heart to write beauty - Cliche: “look in your heart” and the “Muse” - Astrophil: has carnal desires, - Shows the inescapability of convention shows the short-comings of such a man Astrophil and Stella: - Architectural image of Stella: describes her face as a castle “Sonnet 9” - Line 1: overly conventional poetry - Stella’s face described as stone: alabaster, pearl, marble - Poem forces us to see the material as something literal; a woman has turned into a hard/rigid castle (fortress-like) - Petrarchan cliche: alabaster neck - Line 5-6: reference to fortress “door” and “lock” - Eyes are windows: suprieority; she looks over the world and doesn’t she anything she likes - Message: poetry blocks people out - Poetic conventions are so great that you lose sight of the real person find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com Astrophil and Stella: - Distinction between art and reality; fiction and reality “Sonnet 45” - Line 1-2: paradox of “woe” (reality) conveyed through creation “painted” - She doesn’t care that he’s miserable but cries over fictional characters - We are more moved by fictions than reality: Astrophil wants to exploit this (asks Stella to think of him as a fictional tragedy) - Message: reality is less effective than art - Reversal from Sonnet 1 William Sonnet 1 Poetry - Cynical tone; bleak and ark - Subject: the problem of passing time; time lays waste to Shakespeare - Approach to romantic love it beautiful and valuable things distorted; Petrarchan sonnet is mocked - Quatrain 1: hold onto beauty through reproduction; children - Majority of poems are addressed carry the legacy/memory of their predecessors to a man; the lady has dark hair/ - “Creatures” and “increase”: assonance and alliteration; - complexion (opposite of “fair”) - logical link, it is built in creatures to increase Sounds of words contribute to “Tender”: connection between vulnerability of the child and meaning parental feelings for the child - Having a child: natural and emotional process - Message: natural/inevitable order of things - Quatrain 2: man defies natural order; devoted to himself at others’ expense - Contracted: gets smaller; contracted to himself - Narcissism: diminishes the self - Self-substantial: burns through his own fuel - Lots of opposites: this man’s life is unnatural; “self” and “foe” - Quatrain 3: stress on “now”; impermanence of beauty - Plant life image: bud is associated with death - The pun: by refusing marriage he buries his qualities that won’t live on in his offspring - Self-sabotage: man destroys himself and his own happiness find more resources at oneclass.com - find more resources at oneclass.com Sonnet 29 1st half of poem: in a state of anger and jealousy - All he sees are things to compare himself with; calls to the heavens but gets no answer - Agitated rhythm: commas make it choppy and gives tone of turmoil - Baks in self-pity - Shift to self-transcendence: thoughts turn outwards, hinges on love for another - - “Haply”: a possibility; associated with happiness Line 10: troche; a shift to something new - “th”: sound of the mouth associated with upward movement; uplifting of his spirits as he sees a Lark - Message: the wealth that he feels as a result of love he wouldn’t exchange for the material wealth of kings - “stage”: a condition of mind V. the King sitting on a throne Sonnet 87 - Poem about love and economic - Dull sounds; not much change in expression of mood or value: sense of value and worth tone - Delusions - Love: logic is economic; legal and economic language is used - Lover’s and speaker’s worth is mismatched because their - values are different: values measured in economic quantity “Dear”: term of affection used as possession - Speaker’s sense of worth is low: he expects to be thrown away once his lover realizes their difference in value - “gift”: defines the logic when they are supposed to be able defying the logic of economics - Uses King’s wealth as image for love - “matter”: logic of materialism - Speaker not in a fantasy: contrast between sleeping and waking, dreaming and reality Sonnet 129 - Poem about lust V. love
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit