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HIST 1300 Full Notes

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HIST 1300
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Jan 8 2014 Course begins in 1930Canada and the Great DepressionStems from the Great War which caused both negative and positive effects PositivesoStronger Canadian identity oYearning to figure out what made Canadians CanadianoMore Canadian autonomy from the British EmpireoIndustrialization of the Canadian economyNegativesoOver 60000 Canadians died o120000 wounded big deal because Canada had a small populationoBy the 1930s the Canadians were still grieving oGreat War experience changed how Canadians thought and especially changed Canadian thought in 1939 PM Borden during the Great War and then Arthur Meighten changes Canada into a war economy Govt nationalizes railwaysThe Canadian economy industrializes but most of the profits etc goes to central Canada therefore it was not spread equally Agriculture intensifies during the war it was generally diversified throughout Canada at this timeoBut during the war Meighen believed western Canada needed to just grow WheatoBut this effects the soil in the 30s the soil dries because of a drought and because of the continuous farming from the war the nutrients are not in the soilSocial movements intensify like the Suffrage movement Prohibition is imposed in Canada did not last longCanadians are becoming disillusion with the Canadian political partiesConscription CrisisoBourassa wanted all Canadians to have a shared civic identity oLet go of British imperialism oConscription was imposed in 1917 he invited the liberals to join him in a coalition government due to the war this caused a house of commons that was split basically French and English Ypres as mythA new Canadian nationalism The costs of war effected Canada especially throughout the depressionBy the 1930s many Canadians are still devoted to the British Empire but with a new war on the horizon they begin to question it The experiences of the great war will inform the policies and also influences Mackenzie King Post war periodThe 1920s is often considered an era of stability and prosperityCanadian autonomy is confirmed during this periodAll this masks the social tensions and the vulnerability of Canadas economyMany strikes during this time because people lose their jobs the War Time economy is no long famous stroke Winnipeg General Strike 1919oRallying against the capitalist system oSaid it was unchristian oThey believed in non violence but Meighton did not have any problem with violence and in the end it was endedThe repercussions of the strike make the Canadian Labour Unions more divided and more radical Political protest movements were on the rise in the 20s and 30soAn important movement is the Maritime rights movementoThe economy in the Maritimes were beginning to lag before the rest of Canada the situation in the Maritimes was already desperate when the depression hits oPeople begin to leave the Maritimes manufacturing declines by 40Regional representation in the senateNo seats in the house of commons represent the Maritime provincesThe Maritimes want additional federal transfers the other provinces were not that pleased with it because the money going to them means it isnt going to their provincesIn 1921 Mackenzie King is PMo His concern is national unity between British Canadians and French Canadians oAruthur Meighten and the Conservatives were not seen the same until the 80s negative connotation oThe Progressive Party does well at this timeSocial programs start to surface like old age pensions in 1927Veterans from the Great War also lobby the government for benefits First Nations come out of the war dissolute and they want their treaty and civil rights fulfilled and recognizedoFirst nation veterans want the same benefits that Other veterans are receiving oThe argument was that this was the federal governments issueoThis starts new leadership who are more boldoIndian residential schools put in place in the 1890s but expanded in the 20s attendance was made compulsory oRun with a government and church collaboration and it was to assimilate the First Nation childrenoThey were taught to be Christians aboriginal cultural practices are forbiddenoThe children suffer untold abuse they are usually there against their willoThey grow up in an isolating environment oOver 200000 children were taken over timeoThey grew up in a loveless environment and this ultimately create an intergenerational problemEconomic expansioneconomic vulnerability Calgary BootleggersSelling alcohol to the state really profits Canada at the time Therefore by 1923 the Canadian economy is becoming closer to the United States economy so when their economy crashes of course ours would crash as wellHydroelectricity mining etc became closer to the statesCanada soon became a larger purchaser of CarsAge of radioAll this new technology created anxiety because American culture was pushing its way into Canadian culture Lapointe soon began to architect independence
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