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HIST 2005 A Full Lecture Note for the semester, Very Useful

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Carleton University
HIST 2005
Matt Bellamy

HIST 2005 A History of England During the Middle Ages John G BellamySeptember 9 Housekeeping Book doesnt cover to the last 100 years of the course material can find some books to cover the material in the library Every 3 weeks a document gets looked at probably need that book OttawaU has a good selection of English history books at their library usually in stockOffice hours are 1011 Wednesday Friday morningsExam 40 of total short essay formatIdentifying primary documentsLike Western Civ No December exam cumulative quiz based on the notes in JanuaryGood notes and your fineEssay due dates October 21 February 17Short essays are better in his books shoot for 2000 words instead of 2500 Use office hours to sound out the prof on your essay ideas after an outline and before a draft Guy gives a day or so extension for a good excuseSeptember 14 Essay Come and talk to the proffor advice about sourcing for essay can give adviceRoman Britain is relatively secure until the 350s germanic raiders start harassing the east coast By 400 the romans are thinkingfuck this shit deman the walls start pulling out of britain in 410 britains 3 legions pulled out roman empire collapsed bc its economics couldnt be sustainedexpenses outweighed revenue despite heavy taxation invading germans pushed west by the huns didnt help either germanic tribes enter into roman empire for the first time in 375 visigoths into greecemore germans cross the rhine in 407 all this 5th century stuff is a bit speculative based on chroniclescomes from histories written centuries after the fact Welshman Nennius 800 and Geoffrey of Monmouth 1140 britain does ok without the romans until about 430s st germanusa retired roman general turned priestcomes in 430 to quell some british heresy finds the island very peaceful sometime in the 440s everything goes down the shitter when the Saxons show up led by Hengest Monmouth gives some good stories about the 5th century thoHengest was hired by a king named Vortigern to fight as a mercenaries against the northern PictsVortigern pays off these mercs with land and more keep comingVortigern then married Hengests daughter in exchange for half his kingdomVortigerns son quarrelled with the Saxons and at a peace conference supposedly attended by all the nobility from both sides the Saxons pull a fast one and murder everyone the britons found a new leader possibly from brittany and deal the Saxons a massive defeat at the Battle of Mount Badon in 490500 the Saxons fought on foot and the Britons supposedly led by Arthur smashed them in a hammeranvil manoeuvre with cavalryThe Saxons retreat for a time but make a resurgence later in the 6th century around 550 and drive the Britons into the west Wales CornwallSeptember 16a key german ideal was that of earning glory and glorious death in battle to be rememberedmany young germans would try and attach themselves to famous warlords and go fightinghowever if your leader was killed it was your duty to stay on the battlefield until his death was avengeddo this by killing a bunch of enemy or die tryinghave a feast before battle boast abt who youll kill committing urself to heroic deeds and then afterward boast about who you did kill and lament your deadBeowulf3500 odd lines long only the one copy version aroundreckon that the story was written down around 900the geats beowulfs tribeband of warriorsbeowulf comes from somewhere in sweden he then journeys to denmark to aid king hrothgar whos mead hall has been attacked repeatedly by a giant humanoidmonster the grendelhrothgarsbest most able warriors are powerless against these attacks on the heart of denmarkthe ppl are repeatedly taken in the night and butcheredeatenthis goes on for ten yearsbeowulf hears abt this and he figures this is his chance at fame and legendbeowulf is given a magical sword hruntingbeowulf kills grendel by rippingits arm offumpteen pages of partyingthen the grendels mother shows up kills a bunch of pplshe lives at the bottom of a deep deep lake that boils and is filled with horrible monstersno biggy tho hes beowulf they fight a long time he finds a new magic sword his penis according to the movie then kills herbeowulf goes home and becomes king of the geats
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