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LAWS 1000 Notes

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Department
Law
Course
LAWS 1000
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter1LegalFrameworkSourcesofemploymentlawoCanadianconstitutiondominantsourceofCanadianlawEstablishesCanadassystemofgovernmentdivisionofpowerbetweenfederalandprovincialgovernmentsoCommonlawjudgemadelawEstablishlegalprecedentsandstandardsfordeterminingemploymentlawissuesforthoseareasoflawnotcoveredbystatuteortheConstitutionoEmploymentstatutesReflectCanadaspoliticalandsocialcultureandhistoryExpresstheconsensusthatcertainkeyaspectsoftheemploymentrelationshipshouldnotbelefttothemarketplaceMinimumwageovertimeconstraintsleavesworkplacesafetydiscriminationconfidentialtreatmentofpersonalinformationCanadianconstitutionoCanadaAct1982transferscontrolovertheConstitutionfromUKtoCanadabringsforwardtheBNAActunchangedaddstheChartertoConstitutionasPart1oScheduleBTheConstitutionAct1982describesCanadasgovernmentParliamentofCanadaprovincialandterritoriallegislaturesdivisionofpowersbetweenParliamentandprovincialterritoriallegislatureshowlegislationispassedoScheduleBPart1CanadianCharterofRightsandFreedomsoDivisionofpowerSection91theclassesofsubjectwithintheexclusiveauthorityoftheParliamentofCanada30Section92theclassesofsubjectwithintheexclusiveauthorityoftheprovinciallegislatures15Someclassesofsubjectweregrantedconcurrentjurisdictionagriculturesection95oConstitutionalfederalpowerssection91CriminallawtaxationEmploymentinsurancebanksBankruptcyandinsolvencymoneyNegotiableinstrumentsInternationalandinterprovincialtradeandcommerceNavigationandshippingcopyrightoConstitutionalprovincialpowerssection92PropertyandcivilrightscontractsDirecttaxationforprovincialpurposesCorporationswithprovincialobjectsMunicipalitiesMattersofalocalorprivatenatureGeneralconstitutionalauthoritytodealwithemploymentisvestedintheprovincesundersection92AnexceptionexistsforthoseorganizationsofnationalimportanceTheresidualpowerauthorityoverallsubjectsnotspecificallymentionedresideswiththefederalParliamenttelecommunicationsairtravelEmploymentlawstatutesoStatutelawpassedbyParliamentandprovinciallegislaturesSupplementedbyregulationstheyprovidemoredetailedinformationminimumwagesoNotablestatutesEmploymentstandardsactminimumtermsofemploymentpayovertimehoursofworkvacationhoursLabourrelationsactemployeesrighttoorganizethecollectivebargainingprocessOccupationalhealthandsafetyactworkplacehealthandsafetyrequirementsHumanRightsCodeprohibitedgroundsanddiscriminationinemploymentWorkplacesafetyandinsuranceactcompensationandbenefitspayabletoworkersortheirdependentsasaconsequenceofaworkrelatedinjuryordiseasePersonalinformationprotectionandelectronicdocumentsactrulesgoverningthecollectionaccesstouseanddisclosureofpersonalinformationbycorporationsCharterofRightsandFreedomsoPart1oftheConstitutionAct1982EstablishesorconfirmscertainbasicrightsandfreedomsinCanadaoCharterFundamentalfreedomssection2Democraticrightssections35Mobilityrightssection6Legalrightssections714Equalityrightssection1528Languagerightssections1623Enforcementsection24Aboriginalsandmulticulturalismsection2527ScopelimitationsoftheChartersections13233Section32wasinterpretedbySCCtomeanthattheCharterappliesonlytogovernmentorgovernmentrelieduponactionandnotstrictlyprivatemattersoRvOakesSCCthreeparttestfordeterminingwhetheraviolationoftheCharterwasjustifiableundersectiononeDoesitenforceorreflectanimportantsocietalconcernTrivialobjectiveswillnotwarrantoverridingaCharterrightWasthelimitationonCharterrightsminimalIsthelimitationpreciseastotheprohibitedconductCommonlawoSettledoracceptedlegalrightsandobligationsarisingoutofjudgesrulingasdistinctfromthelawscreatedbyParliamentortheprovinciallegislaturesoThecentralfeatureislegalprecedenceasreflectedintheconceptstaredecisistostandbythingsdecidedoperatingwithinahierarchicalcourtsystemThedecisionofahighercourtarethedeterminingstatementsofthelawonthatissueandarebindingonthelowercourtswithinthesamehierarchyThisprovidesforpredictabilityandconsistencyintheinterpretationandenforcementofthelawifnotitwouldbeajudicialfreeforallAcommonlawprincipleorstandardcannotnegateoroverridealegislativestatuteortheConstitutionoTheemploymentrelationshipiscontractualanindividualcontractofemploymentfornonunionemployeesacollectiveagreementforunionizedemployeesoCommonlawfillsthelegislativegapswithrespecttotheemploymentcontractwhatqualifiesasawrongfuldismissalandtheconsequentialrequirementforreasonablenoticeoTortlawisaprivatewrongthiscontrastswithcriminallawwhichisawrongagainstthestateItmaybedeliberateintentionaltortorconsequenceofcarelessnessnegligenceItincludesemploymentrelatedtortsnegligentmisrepresentationnegligenthiringoEmploymentlawtortsEmployerintentionallyprovidesanegativereferenceforaformeremployeeresultinginthemnotgettingthepositiontortofintentionalmisrepresentationAnemployernegligentlydescribestheemploymentpositiontoajobapplicantresultinginthemacceptingthepositiontortofnegligentmisrepresentationJudicialframeworkoMostemploymentlawstatuteshaveseparatetribunalsorofficialstodealwithanycomplaintsofcontraventionEmploymentStandardsOfficersHumanRightsTribunalWorkplaceSafetyandInsuranceTribunaloThecourtsgenerallyareinvolvedonlyonappealsfromtribunaldecisionsexceptionwrongfuldismissalclaimsCourtswilloverturnatribunaldecisiononlyifitwaspatentlyunreasonableCourtsystemoSupremeCourtofCanadaappointedbythefederalgovernmentthreejudgesappointedfromQuebecthreejudgesarefromOntariotwofromtheWestandonefromAtlanticappealcourtonlydoesnotdotrialsappealsareheardinpanelsoffivesevenorninejudgesdecisionisbymajorityOntarioCourtofAppealeachprovinceterritoryandfederalcourthasacourtofappealthenumberofappealcourtjudgesvarieswiththejurisdictionjudgesareappointedbythefederalgovernmentappealsareheardinpanelsofthreeOntarioSuperiorCourttrialcourtjudgesareappointedbythefederalgovernmentOCSsitsin51locationsorganizedintoeightregionshearscivilcriminalandfamilylawmattersOntarioCourtofJusticeFederalCourtofAppealappointedbytheMinisterofJusticeorthePMjudgesholdofficeduringgoodbehaviouranappointmentispermanentandterminatesonlyuponattainmentoftheageforcompulsoryretirementFederalCourtofJusticeChapter2HumanRightsIssuesBackgroundoProhibitionsagainstdiscriminationarefoundedsolelyinlegislationtheyhavenobasisincommonlawthoIncrementaladvancementbeganinthemid20centuryOntarioHumanRightsCode1962thefirstcomprehensiveantidiscriminationstatuteencompassedabroadrangeofsocialactivityincludedmechanismsforenforcementeducationandadministration14humanrightscodesCanada10provincesandthreeterritoriesoActivitiescoveredemploymentaccommodationdeliveryofgoodsandservicescontractsandvocationassociationstradeunionsoProhibitedgroundsofdiscriminationthecodeincludes14prohibitedgroundsofdiscriminationinemploymentsection51CanadianhumanrightscodesvaryintheirprohibitedgroundsofdiscriminationAsustainableclaimofdiscriminationmustbewithinoneoftheactivitiescoveredandwithinoneoftheprescribedprohibitedgroundsCitizenshipcreedincludesreligiousbeliefsexnotdefinedbutinterpretedtoincludepregnancyandtransgenderpeoplesexualorientationreferstogayslesbiansbisexualsandheterosexualseffectivelyaddedbytheSCCageeffectiveDec122006ageisdefinedasanyoneage18andovercapatage64wasremovedrecordofoffencesacriminaloffenceforwhichapardonhasbeengrantedmaritalstatusincludesthestatusofbeingmarriedwidowedsingledivorcedseparatedorlivingcommonlawfamilystatusincludesbeinginaparentandchildrelationshipandtheactualidentityoffamilymembersdisabilityincludesphysicalandmentaldisabilitiesandperceiveddisabilitiesaswellasdrugandalcoholdependency
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