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Department
Law
Course
LAWS 1000
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
LAW1702 101112Bruce FreebornContentsINTRO TYPE OF NOTESLAW1702400 PROFESSORBruce Freeborns SOURCEBlackboard NotesCOMPLETED 121112UPDATEDCREATED BY Alec MacRury IntroductiontoLawTheLawandtheLegalsystemLawissimplytheruleswedevelopinordertolivetogetherOtherwisethestrongestwouldtakewhattheywantandtheweakerwouldsneakuponthematnightandkillthemSomelawsarecenturiesoldsomearenewtorespondtochangesinsocietyUsuallylawsarerestrictedtothecountryThereforesmokingpotinCanadamaybeillegalbutnotinanothercountryManylawsarebasedonreligiousteachingsiethoushallnotkillInthewesternworldwehavemovedawayfromdirectreligiouslawalthoughthemoralitybaseisclearTherealreasonyouneedtoknowthelawandhowtouseitissimpleThelawsaretherulesthatgovernwhatyoudo247andnotknowingsomethingisagainstthelawisNOTavalidexcuseThinkofagameifIknowtherulesandyoudontIwilllikelywinSourcesofthelawWesternlawisusuallyacivilsystemoraCommonlawsystemCivillawiswherethelawismadebygovernmentandsetoutinCodesakastatuteslegislationIfyouwanttoknowthelawinaparticulararealookitupintheCodeCivillawcametoCanadawiththeFrenchsettlersandwestillseetheinfluenceinQuebecHowevertheBritishconqueredCanadaandbroughtintheirsystemwhichiscalledCommonlawAlecMacRuryPage1LAW1702 101112Bruce FreebornInthissystemnowusedinmostoftheEnglishspeakingworldthelawcomesfrom2sourcesfirstlythegovernmentmakeslawscodeslegislationstatutesbutadditionallyjudgeswhenfacedwithanewsituationoranunjustorfairexistingsituationcanmakeanewlawanytimetheywantProductliabilitylawOnceapersonboughtastonewarebottleofgingerbeerfromthelocalstorehedranksomeandbecamesickbecausetherewasadecomposedsnailinthebottleHetriedtosuethestorebuttheownersaidwaithowcouldIknowifthebottleisbaditsstonewareandIcannotholdituptothelightandseeifanythingisinitIfIopenittochecknoonewillbuyanopenbottleAtthetimethesickpersoncouldnotsuethemanufacturerbecausethelawdidnotallowthatTheresultwasthejudgechangedthelawandsaiditwaswrongnottobeabletosuethemakerofsomethingthatisdangerousThatcasewasappealedtoahighercourtandthatcourtagreedAnewlawhadbeenmadecalledaprecedentThankstothisdecisionthewholefieldofproductliabilitylawwasbornWemustrememberthattomorrowanotherjudgemaymakeanewrulingthatwillaffectallofusCaselaworprecedentisthereasonforamongotherthingsgaymarriageyouhavinganobligationtokeepyourpropertysafeOntheplussidelawismostlycommonsenseandknowinghowtouseandbenefitfromitdoesnotmeanyouhavetomemorizeoveramillionseparatesectionsofstatutesAllyouneedisaniqofatleast80andknowledgeofthebasicprinciplestoapplyStatuteLawpassedbygovernmentsandsetoutinstatutesInCanadawehavesomelawmakingpowerinthefederalGovernmentandsomeintheprovincesTheprovinceshavethentransferredsomeoftheirlawmakingpowerstothemunicipalitiesThedivisionofpowerissetoutintheBritishNorthAmericanActof1867thisActiswhatgavebirthtoCanadaFederalstatutesareproposedinabillbeforeParliamentcomposedoftheHouseofCommonswhosemembersareelectedbysecretballotbytheadultpopulationiftheycaretovotesomecountrieslikeAustraliamakeitanoffencenottovoteThebillmustbeapprovedbythemajorityoftheMembersoftheHouse3timesandamendmentsorchangesintheproposedlawcommonlyhappenOncepassedbytheHouseitgoestotheSenatewhichisappointedbythegovernmentandwhichhasabitofareputationasaplacetosentoldpoliticiansasarewardUsuallytheSenaterubberstampstheBillfromtheCommonsanditgoestobesignedbytheGovernorGeneralwhorepresentsQueenElizabethIIAtthispointitbecomesthelawofthelandandeverypersoninCanadaispresumedtobeawareofitTheprovincespasstheirlawsinasimilarmannerexcepttheydonothaveaSenateAbillispassed3timesbythemembersoftheprovinciallegislatureandissignedbytheLieutGovernorandbecomesthelawofthatprovinceMunicipalitiescanalsopasslawsBylawsbycouncilIfaprovincepassesalawthatdealswithsomethingwhichisonlyintheFederalpoweritisannullityThatisitisnotavalidlawandneednotbeobeyedForexampleifOntariopassesalawwhichisdeemedcriminalinnaturethatlawwillbestruckdownandofnolegaleffectTheCourtsBecauseofthedividedpowerssetoutintheBNAActwehaveaconvolutedsystemofcourtsEachprovincehasaseriesofcourtsforvariouspurposeswhicharesetupinahierarchyThatishighercourtshavethepowertochangetherulingsoflowercourtsThefederalsystemissimilarandsittingatthetopistheSupremeCourtofCanadawhichhasthepowertooverruleanylowercourtAlecMacRuryPage2
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