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LAWS2502 Notes.doc

26 Pages
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Department
Law
Course Code
LAWS 2502
Professor
all

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Lecture2TheVIndividualvIndividualprivatelawRvIndividualcriminallawIndividualvStatepubliclawStatevStatepubliclawOrganizationgroupvStatepubliclawButwhatisStateTruenorthstrongandfreeLordAlfredTennysonpoemTotheQueenFromsunsetandsunriseofallthyrealmAndthattrueNorthwhereofwelatelyheardWasnotadoptedasnationalanthemuntil1980HowdowedefinethestateGeographyPopulationGovernmentThestateisahumanconstructthatexistsinasocialandlegalcontextThomasHobbsBornin1588inEnglandmodernfounderofthesocialcontracttraditionlifeinthestateofnatureissolitarypoornastybrutishandshortApersonsrighttosurvivaljustifiesviolenceagainstothersSotoensurepersonalsurvivalpeoplewillagreethattheyshouldrenouncetheirrighttouseviolenceHoweverthisyieldsupatenseandunstableequilibriumThemomentonepartydeviatesfromtheirpromiseallwilldeviateandwarrestartsHobbsLeviathanTokeepsocietygoingwithpeaceandconfidencethereneedstobeanagreementJohnLockeBornin1632governmentwiththeconsentofthegovernedstateofnaturerightsoflifelibertyandpropertyFocusonpropertyInfluencedAmericanconstitutionLocketwotreatiesofgovernmentPeoplehaveinherentrightsindependentofanygovernmentExtherighttolifelibertyandpropertyExamSocialcontractSocialcontractwherepeopleinthestateofnatureconditionallytransfersomeoftheirrightstothegovernmentinordertobetterinsurethestablecomfortableenjoymentoftheirliveslibertyandpropertyRuleofLawROLLockereferredtolimitsonthestatetodayknownasRuleofLawItiswrongtotreatpeopledifferentlyThelawshouldbeappliedequallyandfairlyMaxWeberGermansociologistBornin1864DefinedthestateasanentitywhichsuccessfullyclaimsamonopolyonthelegitimateuseofviolenceThestateAhumancommunitywhichsuccessfullyclaimsthelegitimateuseofforcewithinagivenpoliticalcommunityKarlMarxAntiStateBornin1818KnownmoreasaCommunistthanasaphilosopherthInspiredmanyoftheCommunistregimesofthe20centuryLeroyLittleBearmemberoftheSmallRobesBandoftheBloodIndianTribeoftheBlackfootConfederacyAlbertaLawyeradvocateforFirstNationsRightsThestatesimilartohumancontractexceptinvolvesmorethanjusthumanpartiesCreatorgavelandnotonlytohumanbeingsbuttoalllivingcreaturesThewaytolivemostnicelytogetherEgyptMassprotestsinJanuary2011MubarakresignedonFebruary112011ending30yearsofautocraticruleInspireddemonstratorsinLibyaSyriaMilitarytookoverelectionsinFall2011IdeasofthestateThestateisnoteasilydefinedButthestatemustbecontrolledWhocancontrolthestateGovernmentvsStateGovernmentagroupofindividualswhotemporarilyembodyandspeakforthestateGovernmentscomeandgothestateenduresThestateandthelawSowehaveastateTheStatehastoplaybyrulesandtheCitizenshavetoplaybyrulesWecallthoserulesLAW
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