Study Guides (234,318)
Canada (113,098)
Law (357)
LAWS 3305 (11)
all (5)
Final

LAWS 3305 FINAL SUMMARY.docx
LAWS 3305 FINAL SUMMARY.docx

19 Pages
169 Views
Unlock Document

School
Carleton University
Department
Law
Course
LAWS 3305
Professor
all
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture1LawissomethingthatistobediscoverednotenactedItisorganicandchangesovertimeYearsagotherewereaminof200offensesthatwerepunishablebydeathtodaythisisonlyrelevantinsomeareasoftheworldformurderWhyareweseeingthischangeWeareseeingasocietalshiftinjustabouteverythingwiththedevelopmentofnewtechnologyandideasItisthecrownsjobtoputforwardallevidenceincludingevidencethatcouldexoneratesomeoneEnglandLowerlevelsofcourtweretakencareofbyJusticesofthePeaceGrandJuriesrolewastodeterminewhetherornotacaseshouldgototheJusticeofthePeacethInthe14centurythegrandjurybecamehowweknowthemtodaythosewhotryfactmustmoreinvolvedinthetrialGenerallyonlygivenajurytrialisyourfacing5ormoreyearsinprisonAdversarialSystemThecrownneedstoprovebeyondareasonabledoubtTheonusdoesnotfallontheindividualaccusedTheaimofthiswasdueprocessandfairplayJune1215MagnaCartaTherewereseveralredraftsoftheMagnaCartaThreealonebyHenrytheIII12161217and1225Therevisionfrom1225istheoneweknowtodayGloriousRevolution1689Parliamenttooksupremacyawayfromthecrownandbroughtbacktrailbyjury1696TreasonAct1701ActofSettlementLECTURE 2LECTURETheIMAGEOFJUSTICEANDREFORMOFTHECRIMINALLAWINEARLYNINTEENTHCENTURYENGLANDAgeofEnlightenmentLate17throughtothe18thcenturyGovernmentswerelookeduponassomethingthatwastoprotectpeopleandthejusticeCrimewasregardedasamajorproblemKingGeorgethesecondinhisspeechopeningParliamnetin1753hewasappalledbythehighgradeofcrimeCrimebecamemoreeasilytocommitasmodesoftransportationimprovedindustrializationInthemiddleof17501770manyprisonersweredebtorstherewasatransportationactthatwasbroughtinthatreflectedthegettoughoncrimeapproachItwasinefforttoeasethecreekingcriminallawsystemThenotionofstandardjailtimereallywasntinthevernacularofthoseconcernedwiththelawJailwasmoreofaholdingtankThetransporationgaveanalternativetocapitalpunishmentItalsogaveaconditionalsentencetothosewithnoncapitalpunishmentoffencesAsmanyas50000convictsweretransportedfromEnglandtoelsewhereTherewasaredefinitionofcriminaloffencesfrom50to200becauseoftheriseincriminalactivitybetween16801900sSurprisinglytheexecutionratesdeclinedinthisperiodTheconvictionrateswereclimbingThewigsliberalsandthetorysAperiodwhencapitalpunishmentbegantobequestionedduringthisperiodKeytothegreatBritishreformGreatprotractedpublicdebateoncapitalpunishmentContextualcircumstancesProposedin1697pensionbetterroadspropereducationforkidsThisisathinkingagethatwearemovingintoReneeDecartesIthinkthereforeIamTryingtodeveloprationalapproachestolifeAvoidingpainandseekingpleasureledtoapositivemovementincriminologyBenthamhesaidnaturehasplacedmankindunderthesovernoftwomasterPainandpleasureItisuptoustodeterminewhattodoMazimizepleasureandminimizepainHewantedproportionalityBenthamsaidthereneededtobeacodeandtheknowledgebehindthemneedstobeclearNodiscretionArguedforpublicprosecutionandprofessionalpoliceforceHestartedthereformmovementLordRampseemedtothinkthattheageofreformandtheageofBenthamareoneinthesameTherewasaperiodknownastheReignofTerrortheendsjustifythemeansDoneforagreatergoodTherewerefreshnewdemocratsanyonewhodarequestiontheneworderwascondemnedorkilledWinklemannwaskeyinmakingtheReflectionsontheImitationofGreekArtstageartandfindaformandtranquilitythatsymbolizedthestateandtheorderofthingsTheromanticsEdmanBirkThePoliticalPartiesduringthismovementBenthamwasmatchedbyRomillyRomillywasthespoksepersonforBenthamsphilosphyTheoperationofthecriminallawwasthecreationofuncertaintytowardsabuseThereasongivenforexecutingindividualswasnotpredictableandunfairandrancontrarytowhatpeoplewereputtingonhumanlifeHumanlifeshouldwaymorethanprevailinggovernmentpolicyTheysawcapitalpunishmentandtheyhelpedstreamthedebateoncapitalpunishment1legalintellectualstreamarguingthattherewasntatransparentsystemthatwaseffectiveofadeterrent2thehumanitarianthepoularrevulsionsuchasMaryMorgana70yearoldexecutedforstealingbreadmaybethestatecoulddosomething3classinterestselfservingeconomicshiftthenouveauricheItwouldbebettertohavepeaceinthelandThedesireforvisiblefairnessTheWigsaimedforgreatersupportbycreatingapositivepublicresponseforsinsoftransparencyLordPollinthetruthshouldbearrivedatinamannerconsistentwiththepublic1808itwasrepealedthatyoucouldgetcapitalpunishmentforpickpocketingTheTorysfeltthatanattackontheprincipleoncapitalpunishmentwasanattackonthewholesystem
More Less

Related notes for LAWS 3305

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.

Submit