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Lecture - 10.docx

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Carleton University
MUSI 1001

MUSI 1001aLecture 10 Chapter 28NineteenthCentury Romantic OperaVerismo Opera PucciniLa BohemePart of a lateRomantic movementoThe ugly and vulgar have aesthetic valueoBaudelaire Millet Dickens and Zola represent the movement in literature and artSocial realismoLeading characters are individuals from the poorer economic stratum of societyoDepicts the grimy everyday life of industrialized nineteenthcentury EuropeWagner eliminated ensemble singing and bel cantoChapter 29Music and NationalismDefinitionoPride in national cultureoA movement that musically emphasized indigenous qualities by incorporating folk songs native scales dance rhythms and local instrumental soundsMusic was the proudest expression of national spiritoNational anthems came into beingoMarching bands and mass singing of patriotic songs began during this periodModest Musorgsky 18391881CareeroEarned a precarious living first as a military officer and then as a clerk for the Russian governmentoComposed during his spare timeoPart of a group of nationalist composers known as The Mighty Handful or The Russian Five Cui Balakirev RimskyKorsakov Musorgsky BorodinA group of talented amateur musiciansComposed in a distinctly Russian styleMelodies rhythms and textures similar to Russian folk musicCompositions based on Russian history legends and landscape Pictures at an Exhibition 1874oInspired by the paintings of Musorgskys friend Victor Hartmann 18331873Each movement recreates in sound the visual images of Hartmanns drawings and paintings programme musicMost of Hartmanns paintings have disappearedoOrchestrated by Maurice Ravel in 1922oPromenadePortrays people wandering through the exhibitionThe marching melody of the compositionSolo contrasts with full brass and then full orchestraoThe Great Gate of KievMovement provides the majestic conclusion to Pictures at an ExhibitionThe grand and majestic sound of the music evokes Hartmanns vision of a great triumphal archEach musical section relates to the drawingThree A sections match the three archesB and X sections evoke the processions and prayers of pilgrimsC Promenade theme suggests the composerviewer walking through the arch or perhaps through the exhibition itselfLate Romanticism 18701914
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