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Music Reviepart deux2.doc

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Department
Music
Course
MUSI 1002
Professor
Alyssa Woods
Semester
Winter

Description
Music Review : Use these terms from slides and added info from the web to guide your reading. Good Luck Social constructionism (learned) : that consider how social phenomena or objects of consciousness develop in social contexts. vs. Essentialism (biological) : s the view that, for any specific kind of[1]tity, there is a set of incidental attributes all of which are necessary to its identity and function ( Cartwright, 1968). All things can have essential characteristics. Hegemonic masculinity: • A particular type of masculinity that is oriented towards strength, power, dominance • It is an ideal,refers to a culturally-normative ideal of male behavior Features include: aggressiveness, courage, strength, self-control, emotional reserve, rationality, independence, self-reliance, autonomy, individuality and sexual potency • hegemonic masculinity does not consist of the following: passivity, timidity, fragility, delicateness, expressiveness, frailty, emotionality, needfulness, dependence, humility, innocence and receptivity. Gender and Sexuality : Accounts of pop as artificial and rock as authentic reflect gender hierarchies • Pop assoc. with women and rock with men Frith and McRobbie, “Rock and Sexuality” (1978)- The term was used by sociologists Simon Frith and Angela McRobbie in 1978 to point to the contrast between male dominated sub-culture of cock rock which was "aggressive, dominating and boastful" and the more feminised teenybopstars of pop music. Led Zeppelin have been described as "the quintessential purveyors of 'cock rock'". Other formative acts include theRolling [5] Stones, The Who and Jim Morrison of The Doors. • Cock rock vs. Teeny bop- Robert Plant of Led Zeppelin, considered one of the key acts in the development of cock rock/ Cock rock is a term, typically used derogatively, to describe a style of rock music that emphasised an aggressive form of male sexuality. It developed in the later 1960s and came to prominence in the 1970s and 1980s. • Active vs. Passive Madonna, Authenticity and Feminism At first considered very superficial • Compared to Cyndi Lauper in early 1980s This definition of authenticity was later contested • She was seen as being engaged in politics of play (the freeing and reconstitution of identity) Does Madonna’s music, videos, and persona reflect feminist ideals? “Open Your Heart” “Vogue” “Justify My Love” Politics Scenes -A specific kind of urban cultural context and practice -The formal and informal arrangement of industries, institutions, audiences, and infrastructures Seattle Grunge p. 200 (Shuker for more info on it) - Fused punk, heavy metal, and more traditional pop styles Green River “Together We’ll Never” (1988) Popular Music’s Relation to Politics 1) Pop or rock as oppositional to established values 2) Direct interconnections between rock and politics (incl. Conscious rock) (ex.) : Dead Kennedys, "California Uber Alles“ Shania Twain, "Black Eyes, Blue Tears” Eve, "Love Is Blind" 3) Censorship Prior restraint Restriction Suppression The Dixie Chicks, Political Controversy and Censorship Stereotypes of “black” vs. “white” music • Longstanding stereotypes that place black music in the physical realm and white music in the intellectual realm Freedman, “Black Music’s on Top; White Jazz Stagnant” • “sweet” commercial dance band music vs • “hot,” swinging jazz Essentialism : • Many critics in the first half of the 20th C believed that black and white musical traditions were tied to essentialized notions of musical ability • More recently, scholars have discussed the fact that “aptitude for music, or any other aesthetic expression, is not racially predestined” (Oliver, 1990, 6). Phillip Tag, “Open Letter: ‘Black Music,’ AfroAmerican Music,’ and ‘European Music’” (1989) • Common factors in definitions of black music: ▫ Race, ethnicity, and skin colour of the people producing the music ▫ Geographical, social, and historical locations where the music is produced • Specific musical characteristics that tend to be characterized as black
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