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Exam Review.docx

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MUSI 1002
Alyssa Woods

Exam Review Week 1 Issues in Popular Music Journalistic writing (reviews, magazines) vs Academic (books from sociology, musicology) Popular music defined - Commercialization, Commodity & mass appeal  Dominate culture (center of society vs. Subordinate cultures (lacks power and resources) o Timbre – distinguishes between instruments o Intensity – Loudness of sounds o Pitch – Different sound wave vibrations o Instrumentation – range of instruments in performance o Dynamics – gradation of intensity and volume levels o Rhythm - Duration and musical function of time o Melody and Harmony – 2 different but intertwined ways of organizing pitch and a series of pitches heard in a series in a melodic line o Texture – the relations among parts (voice or instrument is a part) o Form – organization of music in time Week 2 Commodification and Standardization  Theodor Ardorno (03-69) – o Frankfurt school, Marxist, Critical theory, Musicologist. o Music is becoming more in advertising (low record sales, easy to relate to audience) o Culture movement was in control, not the consumer Commodity Fetishism – people care more about objects used then the event (more about the opera ticket then the opera) Standardization - standard in these ways: o Number of types that are immediately recognizable o Small number of structure o Small components that are interchangeable Pseudo-individualism – surface changes but no alteration to the basic structure (used in standardized products) High v Low Culture – Serious v popular music and differences are , degree of standardization, level of complexity and market context  David Allan “pop Music in Advertising” Music in advertising is growing, attempt to reach wider audience musicians more willing to see for commercial purpose Tin Pan Ally – 28 street Manhattan were sheet music was written (Irving Berlin)  Paul Whiteman** - Producer and band conductor Week 3 Industry, Commercialization and Intro to Politics The music industry – Publishing, M retail, M hardware, M press, Sound recording, concerts, royalties and merchandising Economic Structure – 4 powers – Universal, Sony/BMG, Warner Music Group and EMI (USWE) Vertical Integration – when a company controls entire cycal fo a product onw the bank, own record studio, own cd making company and own store that sells the cd Concentration – small amount of companies own all pop music production  Large labels V small labels – big labels have similar sounds (based on to make money) therefore bursts of creativity from the public and creating individual labels. Large and small collaborate due to costs and talent, industry which operates webs and networks.  Big vs Small linked by webs and networks Income From Rights Copyright three types o Preforming rights – use of material when one wants to preform it o Public performance rights – Paid for privilege to broadcast the actual recording o Mechanical rights paid the copyright holder when song is played or recorded  Trademark – legal shield around slogan, shape or image along with royalties  Branding – Developing an image that is transferable between media (Rocafella) Intro to pop Music and Politics  Censorship – Prior restraint, Restri
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