MUSI 1002 Study Guide - Justify My Love, Robert Plant, Cyndi Lauper
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Music Review : Use these terms from slides and added info from the web to guide
your reading. Good Luck
Social constructionism (learned) : that consider how social phenomena or objects of
consciousness develop in social contexts.
vs. Essentialism (biological) : s the view that, for any specific kind of entity, there is a set of
incidental attributes all of which are necessary to its identity and function (Cartwright, 1968). All
things can have essential characteristics.
• A particular type of masculinity that is oriented
towards strength, power, dominance
• It is an ideal, refers to a culturally-normative ideal of male behavior
Features include: aggressiveness, courage,
strength, self-control, emotional reserve,
rationality, independence, self-reliance,
autonomy, individuality and sexual potency
• hegemonic masculinity does not consist of the
following: passivity, timidity, fragility,
delicateness, expressiveness, frailty,
emotionality, needfulness, dependence, humility,
innocence and receptivity.
Gender and Sexuality :
Accounts of pop as artificial and rock as
authentic reflect gender hierarchies
• Pop assoc. with women and rock with men
Frith and McRobbie, “Rock and
Sexuality” (1978)- The term was used by sociologists Simon Frith and Angela
McRobbie in 1978 to point to the contrast between male dominated sub-culture of cock
rock which was "aggressive, dominating and boastful" and the more
feminised teenybopstars of pop music. Led Zeppelin have been described as "the
quintessential purveyors of 'cock rock'". Other formative acts include theRolling
Stones, The Who and Jim Morrison of The Doors.
• Cock rock vs. Teeny bop- Robert Plant of Led Zeppelin, considered one of the key acts
in the development of cock rock/ Cock rock is a term, typically used derogatively, to
describe a style of rock music that emphasised an aggressive form of male sexuality. It
developed in the later 1960s and came to prominence in the 1970s and 1980s.
• Active vs. Passive
Madonna, Authenticity and Feminism
At first considered very superficial
• Compared to Cyndi Lauper in early 1980s
This definition of authenticity was later contested
• She was seen as being engaged in politics of play (the
freeing and reconstitution of identity)
Does Madonna’s music, videos, and
persona reflect feminist ideals?
“Open Your Heart”
“Justify My Love”
-A specific kind of urban cultural context and practice
-The formal and informal arrangement of industries,
institutions, audiences, and infrastructures
Seattle Grunge p. 200 (Shuker for more info on it)
- Fused punk, heavy metal, and more traditional pop styles
Green River “Together We’ll Never” (1988)
Popular Music’s Relation to Politics
1) Pop or rock as oppositional to established values
2) Direct interconnections between rock and politics (incl.
(ex.) : Dead Kennedys,
"California Uber Alles“
Shania Twain, "Black Eyes, Blue Tears”
Eve, "Love Is Blind"
The Dixie Chicks, Political Controversy