Philosophy Jan 21 01/21/2014
Materialists deny that the universe includes both material and physical substances.
Materialism is widely accepted.
Philosophical Behaviourism: About the nature of the mind and meanings of mental terms
History of behaviorism
Although connected, describing events, such as a toothache, in terms of the brain activity and mental
phenomena are quite different and so is the experience of it
Prior to the 20 century, the scientific study of the mind was introspective
It revolved round the conscious states
Studying the brain and mental states are correlations
How do we know that our states of mind resemble others’ states of mind?
The problem of other minds
Granted that we know our minds, how can we know the minds of others?
How do you know that other people have minds?
How do you know that they aren’t zombie philosophers?
Evolutionary Psychology Branch of psychology that includes psych, bio and phil
Jerry Fordor’s Theory
Steven Pinker, L. Cosmides/J. Today: Massive Modulanty
The Beetle in the Box
The example of the beetle in the box is meant to depict the relation that we bear to our own and others
states of mind
Out states of mind are private and only we have access to these states.
Wittgenstein’s point is that the word “beetle” is used to designate something specific, regardless of
whatever is in the box
“Beetle” just means whatever is