Philosophy Jan 21.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1301
Professor
Nalini E Ramlakhan
Semester
Winter

Description
Philosophy Jan 21 01/21/2014 Behaviourism Materialism Materialists deny that the universe includes both material and physical substances. Democritus (460­370BC) Hobbes (1588­1679) Materialism is widely accepted.  Behaviourism Philosophical Behaviourism: About the nature of the mind and meanings of mental terms Psychological Behaviourism:  History of behaviorism Although connected, describing events, such as a toothache, in terms of the brain activity and mental  phenomena are quite different and so is the experience of it Prior to the 20  century, the scientific study of the mind was introspective It revolved round the conscious states  Studying the brain and mental states are correlations How do we know that our states of mind resemble others’ states of mind? The problem of other minds Granted that we know our minds, how can we know the minds of others? How do you know that other people have minds? How do you know that they aren’t zombie philosophers? Evolutionary Psychology Branch of psychology that includes psych, bio and phil Jerry Fordor’s Theory Steven Pinker, L. Cosmides/J. Today: Massive Modulanty The Beetle in the Box The example of the beetle in the box is meant to depict the relation that we bear to our own and others  states of mind Out states of mind are private and only we have access to these states.  Wittgenstein’s point is that the word “beetle” is used to designate something specific, regardless of  whatever is in the box “Beetle” just means whatever is 
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