•Emphasizes feminine virtues
•Evaluation of ethics in practice through time
•Women's experiences must be taken into account
•Deontological theory (theory of rights) that focuses on women's concerns
Who and what counts in ethics?
•Moral considerability: Is a being morally considerable? Who/what counts?
•Abortion = intentional removal of a fetus at a woman's request, before the fetus has come
to term, resulting in the death of the fetus
•Pro-life: deny a woman's right to abortion
•Pro-choice: woman's right to abortion
1. Killing an innocent human being is wrong
2. A fetus is an innocent being
3. Therefore, abortion is wrong
•Thomson attacks 'killing an innocent human being is wrong'
oSays a fetus is a human person well before birth
oViolinist analogy: you've been kidnapped, you wake up in the hospital next to a
violinist, you're attached to him and you must be in bed and attached to him for 9
months in order for him to live because you have the proper genetic material. You can
unplug yourself, but if you do, he'll die.
•You have the right to unplug yourself because you have not consented to
support another human being
•It would be nice to stay there, but you have no duty to stay
•Scenario represents more of a rape vs. the fact that people have consented
to sex knowing the risks
•However, if there was attempt to avoid pregnancy with contraception, do
you still have the right to 'unplug yourself' or is abstinence truly the way to
•What if you had to be plugged to the violinist for minutes rather than 9
months? Of course you have the right to unplug yourself, however you'd be an
ass hole. Justified, but indecent.
•Indecent scenario: you're pregnant for 7 months and you want to fit into a
dress for Prom. You abort your child
•Need to specify the circumstances where abortion is permissible
•Warren attacks 'a fetus is an innocent being'
oDefine human being:
•Is a fetus biologically human? Yes, has a genome