Politics is the struggle in any group for power that will give one or more persons that ability to make decisions for the larger
group. It is a process where people pursue collective goals and organize to deal with conflicts and to ensure security by
means of government. Politics occurs whenever there are people and organization; for example, “office politics” is the power
relationship in a business. Politics is the pursuit of authority to make decisions that will affect the community as a whole.
It is hard to separate the idea of politics from the idea of power. Power is the ability to influence others or impose one’s will
on them. Political power is the ability to determine or influence government officials. Politics is a competition for public
power, and power is the ability to extend one’s will. According to Dahl, power is the ability of A to get B to do what A
wishes, or to get B to do what B would not otherwise do, or to get B to act in a manner contrary to B’s interest; all since B
believes that A is more powerful.
Comparative Politics is a subfield that compares this pursuit of power across countries. The method of comparing countries
can help make arguments about cause and effect by drawing evidence from across space and time; for example, the question
of why are some countries democratic while others are not?
• Comparative Method is a way to compare cases and draw conclusions. By comparing countries or subsets within
them, scholars seek out conclusions and generalizations that could be valid in other cases. Returning back to the
question of why democracy has failed in other countries, why has North Korean government remained communist
and highly repressive even as similar regimes around the world have collapsed?
Trends in Comparative Politics
• Classical (Plato and Aristotlewhat ought to be,