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PSCI 1100C.rtf

23 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
PSCI 1100

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PSCI 1100CIntroduction to Political Science I Democracy in Theory and PracticeProf Glen WilliamsEmail gwilliamconnectcarletoncaLecture 1Required reading for next lecture Baradat Chapters 14Ideologies Historical EssentialsEurope at 1000 three mediterranean regionsThree regionsByzantine Eastern Empire of the Romans Orthodox Christian Northwest EuropeRoman Catholic Arabic Islamic Classical Feudal Politics Political power radically fragmented and decentralized compared to modern states political Europe characterized by multiple authorities civil and religious with overlapping lines of jurisdiction and noncontiguous territorial borders Collective identities of political communities not fixed in geographic space as they are today but in relation to the long sweep of historical time ie Christian timeclassical Greek or Roman timesystem of reciprocal obligations binding together lords vassals and peasantsserfs protection in exchange for military serviceCrusades conceded with the ending of centuries of Europes dark ages that had followed the collapse of the Roman Empire 11th to 14th centuries led by a succession of Roman Catholic Popes and nobleman adventurersRise of New Monarchies and an International Relations based on State SovereigntyEuropean politics became less religiousFeudal power structures decline with growth of town trade money economy banking artisan manufacture territorial conquest advances in military weapons and techniquesrise of political centralization with professional armies and administration within a state all obey the sovereign and the laws of the landReligion is now licensed by the stateEuropean Voyages of Discovery and the AmericasEurope was forced westward and southward by sea Americas fish and fur north gold and empireScientific Revolution and The Enlightenment all understanding is religiousscientific world view paradigm promised immense benefits for human mastery over the physical world and pointed towards natural laws governing society from religious to rationalism thinking human reason rather than faith in God could explain and organize the worldBirth of Secular Political Ideologies and Political CultureAbsolutism and Early Parliamentary DemocracyClaiming religion as a secular power Royal absolutismGreat Britainsupremacy of Parliament following Glorious Revolution of 16889 and the Bill of RIghts King cant have a standing army to use against the government Army belongs to government Mercantilism National economies prescribed maintenance of favourable balance of trade national manufacturing conquest of overseas colonies as sources of raw materials and markets for manufactured goodsTriangular Atlantic Trade Slavery 13 two and a half million slaves in the Americas producing the sugar coffee tobacco
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