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psych exam review.docx

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PSYC 1001
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CHAPTER 6 The Study of LearningWhat is learningA permanent change in behaviour or knowledge as a result of experienceFilm on LearningNot when you realize that you shouldnt do something but you make actions to ensure that it doesnt happen againHabituationA decrease in behavioural response after repeated exposure to a stimulus that does not require any action on your partEg nearby cell phone ringsNot yoursNo longer check your phoneLearning has occurredClassical ConditioningClassical conditioning is defined as a basic form of learning in which one stimulus predicts the occurrence of anotherIvan PavlovRussian physiologistStudied digestion in dogsNobel Prize in 1904Classical Conditioningbehaviour was elicited by a stimulus that has acquired its power through an association with a biologically significant stimulusRepeated pairing of a stimulus with stimuli that naturally elicit a reflex responseEg salivation pupil contraction knee jerksAlso called Pavlovian conditioningConditioning ConceptsUnconditioned Stimulus UCS stimulus that brings out a specific behaviour stimulus that elicits a behaviour of interest Brings out natural response Unconditioned Response Pavlov bringing out of meat powderUnconditioned Response UCR the response that is natural occurring biological response Unlearned reflexConditioned Stimulus CS CSneutral stimulus has no meaning until it is given meaning Can be paired with biological events Ex Pavlov ringing the bell then presented dog with foodbell becomes associated by unconditioned stimulusConditioned Response CR CRlearned response to the conditioned stimulus UCR and CR is the same behaviour however CR is based on learningFigure 62 The sequence of events in classical conditioninga Moving downward this series of three panels outlines the sequence of events in classical conditioning using Pavlovs original demonstration as an example b As we encounter other examples of classical conditioning throughout the book we will see many diagrams like the one in this panel which will provide snapshots of specific instances of classical conditioningHow does this work in the real worldFear learned based on classical and operant conditioning and anxiety Phobias irrational fear jokes about bridge collapsing and dyingEg father making jokes on a bridgeUCSthe scary jokesUCR fearCS a bridge is now fearedCR fearlearned responseFigure 63 Classical conditioning of a fear responseCont Father at circus always reaching for his bagUCSthe look on your fathers face and his action to reach for his medical bagUCRDaughter would tense upCSseeing a circus tentCR feeling the learned tension
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