Study Guides (256,433)
CA (124,648)
Carleton (4,153)
PSYC (778)
PSYC 1001 (151)

PSYC1001Q_Introduction to Psychology I_John Weekes_Fall 2011( Entire Class Notes, Very Useful)

24 Pages
161 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1001
Professor
John Weekes

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 24 pages of the document.
Psychology!
Week Five: Stress, Health and Coping (Chapter 13)
Biopsychosocial Model: Physical sickness is caused by the interaction between biological,
psychological, and sociocultural factors
Health Psychology: Concerned with how psychosocial factors impact health, and with how illness
is caused, treated, and prevented
Stress: Things that threaten, or look like they could threaten, your well-being, and
because of that, hurt your ability to cope (ex. Threat could be physical safety,
or reputation, etc.)
Types of Stress: - Acute Stressors: short duration and clear endpoint (ex. Exam)
- Chronic Stressors: long duration and no clear time limit (ex. Debt)
- Frustration: pursuit of a goal is thwarted (ex. Failures and losses... not getting
to an interview on time or losing your phone)
- Conflict: two or more incompatible motivations both trying to be expressed
at the same time... three types:
- Approach-Approach Conflict: choice between two attractive goals (ex.
Pizza or spaghetti)
- Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict: choice between two unattractive goals
(ex. Back pain or surgery)
- Approach-Avoidance Conflict: choice between whether or not you
should try to achieve a goal that has both attractive and unattractive
elements (ex. Ask your crush out on a date, fear of rejection)
- Life Change: big changes in your life that require you to readjust... don’t have
to be negative (ex. Death of family member, moving to a new home)
- Pressure: expectations that you behave in a certain way (ex. Comedians
under pressure to make people laugh)
Responses to Stress: - Emotional
- Common responses: annoyance, anger, anxiety, fear, sadness, grief
- Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotions
- Positive emotions change people’s mindsets, making their
creativity and flexibility better in problem solving...
- Positive emotions can undo changes of negative emotions...
- Positive emotions can lead to good social interactions that help
build social support
- Physiological
- Fight-or-Flight Response: autonomic nervous system readies you for
attacking or fleeing from an enemy
- General Adaptation Syndrome: model of the body’s stress response...
three stages:
- Alarm - when sensing threat
- Resistance - where coping efforts start
- Exhaustion - when stress-fighting resources run out
- Behavioural
- Coping: active efforts to master, reduce, or tolerate stress... can be
adaptive or maladaptive (ex. If you’re flunking you might increase your
study efforts, or give up)
- Learned Helplessness: passive behaviour from having to deal with
unavoidable negative things
- Aggression: anything that’s meant to hurt someone (physically or
verbally)
- Catharsis: release of emotional tension
- Indulging...
- Internet Addiction: lots of time online, can’t control it
- Defence Mechanisms: unconscious reactions that protect someone
from poor emotions like anxiety and guilt
- Defend against emotional discomfort
- Use self-deception
- Conscious and unconscious
- They’re normal
- Not always healthy (ex. Avoidance)
- Constructive Coping: healthy efforts that make people deal with stress
- Confront problems
- Be realistic
- Recognize disruptive emotional responses
- Make sure you’re not vulnerable to the effects of stress
Effects of Stress: - Impaired Task Performance
Psychologically - Burnout: physical and emotional exhaustion, cynicism, less interest in your
own well-being
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): long-lasting psychological issues that
happen because of a major traumatic event (ex. War, car crash)
- Psychological Problems (ex. Insomnia, problems having sex)
- Positive Effects (ex. Learning new skills, re-evaluate priorities)
Effects of Stress: - Psychosomatic Diseases: physical illness as a result of stress or other
Physically psychological issues (ex. High blood pressure, ulcers)
- Coronary Heart Disease: less blood flow to coronary arteries
- Atherosclerosis: gradual narrowing or coronary arteries
- Type A Personality: three elements: competitiveness, impatience, and
anger... ambitious perfectionists who are easily irritated and often multitask
- Type B Personality: relaxed, patient, easygoing, friendly behaviour
- Type As tend to die at an earlier age
- Immune Response: defence toward bacteria, viruses, and other foreign
things
Health-Helping: - Social Support: different types of aid and emotional help that’s given to them
Behaviour by people in their social network (i.e. Family, friends, colleagues)
- Optimism: expect good outcomes
Health-Impairing: - Smoking
Behaviour - Bad Nutrition
- Lot’s of cholesterol
- Cardiovascular disease (ex. High intake of red meat)
- High salt intake
- High caffeine intake (leads to hypertension)
- High-fat diet (lead to cancer)
- Osteoporosis vulnerability (lack of calcium intake)
- Lack of exercise
- Alcohol and Drugs
- Behaviour and AIDS
- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome: immune system’s weakened
and disabled by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Reactions to Illness: - Seeking Treatment
- Talk with Health Providers
- Stick with Medical Advice
Catastrophic Thinking: Unrealistically negative assessments of stress that exaggerate how bad your
problems are
Week Six: Psychological Disorders (Chapter 14)
The Medical Model: Thinks of abnormal behaviour as a disease
- i.e. Mental illness, psychological disorder
Diagnosis: telling illnesses apart
Etiology: cause and history of an illness
Prognosis: guess at an illness’ cause
Criteria of Abnormal: Deviance
Behaviour - From what’s considered normal

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Psychology Week Five Stress Health and Coping Chapter 13Biopsychosocial Model Physical sickness is caused by the interaction between biological psychological and sociocultural factors Health Psychology Concerned with how psychosocial factors impact health and with how illnessis caused treated and prevented Stress Things that threaten or look like they could threaten your wellbeing andbecause of that hurt your ability to cope ex Threat could be physical safety or reputation etcTypes of StressAcute Stressors short duration and clear endpoint ex Exam Chronic Stressors long duration and no clear time limit ex DebtFrustration pursuit of a goal is thwarted ex Failures and losses not gettingto an interview on time or losing your phoneConflict two or more incompatible motivations both trying to be expressedat the same time three typesApproachApproach Conflict choice between two attractive goals exPizza or spaghettiAvoidanceAvoidance Conflict choice between two unattractive goalsex Back pain or surgeryApproachAvoidance Conflict choice between whether or not youshould try to achieve a goal that has both attractive and unattractiveelements ex Ask your crush out on a date fear of rejection Life Change big changes in your life that require you to readjust dont haveto be negative ex Death of family member moving to a new home Pressure expectations that you behave in a certain way ex Comediansunder pressure to make people laughResponses to StressEmotionalCommon responses annoyance anger anxiety fear sadness griefBroadenandBuild Theory of Positive Emotions Positive emotions change peoples mindsets making their creativity and flexibility better in problem solvingPositive emotions can undo changes of negative emotionsPositive emotions can lead to good social interactions that help build social supportPhysiologicalFightorFlight Response autonomic nervous system readies you forattacking or fleeing from an enemyGeneral Adaptation Syndrome model of the bodys stress responsethree stages Alarmwhen sensing threat Resistancewhere coping efforts start Exhaustionwhen stressfighting resources run outBehaviouralCoping active efforts to master reduce or tolerate stress can beadaptive or maladaptive ex If youre flunking you might increase yourstudy efforts or give upLearned Helplessness passive behaviour from having to deal withunavoidable negative things Aggression anything thats meant to hurt someone physically orverballyCatharsis release of emotional tensionIndulging Internet Addiction lots of time online cant control itDefence Mechanisms unconscious reactions that protect someonefrom poor emotions like anxiety and guilt Defend against emotional discomfort Use selfdeception Conscious and unconscious Theyre normal Not always healthy ex AvoidanceConstructive Coping healthy efforts that make people deal with stress Confront problems Be realistic Recognize disruptive emotional responses Make sure youre not vulnerable to the effects of stressEffects of StressImpaired Task Performance PsychologicallyBurnout physical and emotional exhaustion cynicism less interest in your own wellbeing PostTraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD longlasting psychological issues that happen because of a major traumatic event ex War car crash Psychological Problems ex Insomnia problems having sex Positive Effects ex Learning new skills reevaluate prioritiesEffects of StressPsychosomatic Diseases physical illness as a result of stress or other Physically psychological issues ex High blood pressure ulcers Coronary Heart Disease less blood flow to coronary arteries Atherosclerosis gradual narrowing or coronary arteries
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit