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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1002
Professor
Kim O' Neil
Semester
Winter

Description
Therapies - Behaviour: example of a program that is to help: Big Brother, Big Sisters; basically giving them a new model to learn from. - Cognitive: teaching you to think differently. - There are overlaps in the therapy treatments, they are not exclusive.Amix of cognitive and behaviour therapy has been one of the more successful forms of therapy. Insight therapies - Insight therapies: Psychotherapy methods characterized by verbal interactions intended to enhance clients' self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior. • Insight into yourself - Psychodynamic therapy • Psychoanalysis – free association, resistance, dream analysis, transference  Free association: Apsychoanalytic technique in which clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur, with as little censorship as possible.  Resistance: Largely unconscious defensive manoeuvres a client uses to hinder the progress of therapy.  There is resistance to the therapist, therapy and denial that there is a problem.  Dream analysis: Apsychoanalytic technique in which the therapist interprets the symbolic meaning of the client's dreams.  Transference: In therapy, the phenomenon that occurs when clients start relating to their therapists in ways that mimic critical relationships in their lives.  Sometimes there is transference where the patience gets an emotional attachment to the therapist. • This form of therapy involves a lot of time and is quite expensive. • Psychoanalysis: An insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference. - Humanistic therapy • Goal is self-actualization. Problems arise when the natural tendency toward self- actualization is blocked by the person or others.  When the goal of self actualization is blocked, the disruption is manifested in the form of a disorder because it causes the person distress. Not really successful. • Person-centred therapy (non-directive therapy)  Client-centred therapy: An insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients, who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy. - Existential therapy • Emphasis on finding the meaning of life - Gestalt therapy • Emphasizes the importance of the clients’fully experiencing, in the present moment, their feelings, thoughts, and actions and then taking responsibility for them. • Directive therapy  Getting to be more cognitive Relationship therapies - Problems stemming from interpersonal stuff. Ex: someone close to you died. - Interpersonal therapy (IPT): specifically designed to help patients cope with four types of problems associated with major depression: • Unusual or severe responses to the death of a loved one. • Interpersonal role disputes • Difficulty in adjusting to role transitions such as divorce, career change, and retirement. • Deficits in interpersonal skills. - Couple and family therapy: parents and children enter therapy as a group. • Very common - Group therapy: 7-10 persons meet regularly with one or more therapists to resolve personal problems. • Works for some but not all people - Group therapy: The simultaneous treatment of several clients in a group. - Self-help group: focuses on a single problem • Works best in conjunction with another type of therapy Behavior therapies - Behavior therapies: Application of the principles of learning to direct efforts to change clients' maladaptive behaviors. - Behavior modification: uses learning principles to eliminate inappropriate or maladaptive responses - Token economies: reward appropriate behavior with items such as poker chips, play money, etc. These tokens can be exchanged for desired tangible rewards or privileges Therapies based on classical conditioning - Systematic desensitization: person is trained to relax in the presence of his or her fear object. • Systematic desensitization: Abehavior therapy used to reduce clients' anxiety responses through counterconditioning. - Flooding: involving exposing person to th
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