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Psych - Ch. 15 .doc

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PSYC 1002

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Chapter 15Treatment of Psychological Disorders pages 657 to 686insight therapiesclients talk one on one with the therapist to resolve their problemscan be conducted with just one person or with many people1psychoanalysis psychodynamic approaches 2clientcentered therapy 3positive psychology therapy behavior therapies no emphasis on personal insighttry to change problem responses jump at spider and maladaptive behaviors using drugsuse classical and operant conditioning plus observational learning biomedical therapies use of drug therapies and ECTgoal is to try and change biological functioningonly done by psychiatrists MD two most common types of therapy issues are anxiety and depression a client in treatment does not need to have and identifiable psychological disorder12 of all people in treatment do not have a psychological disorder clinical psychologiststreat psychological disorders counseling psychologiststreat everyday problemsboth use insight and behavioral therapies psychiatristsdoctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating psychological disorderssee also clinical social workers psychiatric nurses and counsellors psychoanalysis Freudemphasize recovery of unconscious conflicts motives and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference neurosesexamples are phobias panic attacks OCD and conversion disordersfree associationclients say what ever comes to mind dream analysistherapist interprets symbolic meaning of clients dreams interpretationtherapist tries to explain personal significance of what client has just told them resistancerefers to defensive maneuvers designed to hinder progress of therapy arrive late transferenceclient relates to therapist in ways that mimic relationship with other people ClientCentered Therapy CarlRogersemphasizes a supportive emotional environment for the client who determines how fast and what direction the therapy progresses 1clients dont have to worry about constantly pleasing other people 2respect your own values and feelings 3client should change their selfconcept to fit reality
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