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Psychology Chapter 14 Notes.doc

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PSYC 1002
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Psychology OutlineChapter 14 Psychological DisordersRedDefinitionBlueImportant PointsGreenImportant PeopleContributions1Medical ModelProposes to Think of Abnormal Behavior as a DiseaseaThomas SzaszMedical Model Critic Minds can be sick only in the sense that jokes are sick or Economies are sickbEpidemiology is the study of the distribution of mental or physical disorders in the populationcPrevalence refers to the percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a specified time perioddLifetime prevalence is the percentage of people who have been diagnosed with a specific disorder at any time in their lives Current research suggests that about 44 of the adult population will have some sort of psychological disorder at some point in their liveseDiagnosisDistinguishing 1 Illness from anotherfEtiologyApparent Causation and Developmental History of an IllnessgPrognosisA Forecast about the Probable Course of an IllnesshCriteria of Abnormal BehaviorDeviance Maladaptive BehaviorPersonal Distress All three criteria do not have to be met for a person to be diagnosed with a psychological disorderdiagnoses involve value judgmentsiDecisions upon if a Person is Normal or Abnormal is based off Social Norms of the TimejPsychological Disorders StereotypesPsychological Disorders are Incurable People with Psychological Disorders are often Violent and DangerousPeople with Psychological Disorders Behave in Bizarre Ways and are Very Different from Normal PeoplekDavid RosenhanDid experiment where it is hard to Distinguish Normality from Abnormality in PeoplelPsychoDiagnosis Classification of DisordersiDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM IVCurrent Classification Editions of Mental Disordersii5 Different Axis of DSM1Clinical Syndromes2Personality Disorder or Mental Retardation3General Medical Conditions4PsychosocialEnvironmental Problems5Global Assessment of Functioning GAF Scaleiii The goal of this multiaxial system is to impart information beyond a traditional diagnostic labelmPrevalence of Psychological DisordersiEpidemiologyStudy of Distribution of Mental or Physical Disorders in a PopulationiiPrevalencePercentage of a Population that Exhibits a Disorder During a Specified Time PeriodiiiAbout 45 of Population has a Mental Disorder sometime During their Lives2Anxiety DisordersaAnxiety DisorderClass of Disorder marked by Feelings of Excessive Apprehension and AnxietyiGeneralized Anxiety DisorderMarked by Chronic High Level of Anxiety that is Not Tied to any Specific Threat freefloating anxietyiiPhobic DisorderMarked by Persistent and Irrational Fear of an Object or Situation that Presents No Realistic DangeriiiPanic DisorderCharacterized by Recurrent Attacks of Overwhelming Anxiety that Usually Occur Suddenly and Unexpectedly
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