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4 Guest lecture Melissa RCMP Behavioural Sciences.docx

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PSYC 2400
Jenelle Power

Forensic Psychology Guest Lecture Melissa – RCMP Behavioral Sciences - 9 years at RCMP - Studied sociology and criminology - ViCLAS, truth verification, criminal / geographic profiling ViCLAS (Violent Crime LinkageAnalysis System) - Helps determine if criminal cases are linked and help ID the responsible person - Facilitates analysis of crime by sharing information across jurisdictions - Computer program • Known vs. unknown offenders - Operational since 1994 - 412,000 cases in the system - Verbal/sexual/physical behaviors - Originally only police were trained on using ViCAS, now it’s becoming more broad and civilian members are being trained - Analyses: homicides, sexual assaults, missing persons with foul play, non-parental abductions, false allegations of sexual assault of attempted murder, child luring - Only national access, but can call US and ask them to check their ViCAP database • ViCLAS is also used in some European countries How does it work? - When a ViCLAS reportable crime is investigated: - AViCLAS booklet completed by an Investigator - Sent to the ViCLAS centre - Submission is quality controlled - Data Entered into the ViCLAS Database - ViCLAS Specialist performs Analysis Types of crime analyzed 1. All solved or unsolved homicides and attempts. 2. All solved or unsolved sexual assaults or attempts EXCEPT familial/domestic unless there is unique or significant physical, sexual or verbal behavior. 3. Missing persons, where foul play is suspected. 4. Unidentified human remains where foul play is suspected. 5. All non-parental abductions and attempts. 6. False allegations of sexual assault or attempted murder. 7. All solved, or unsolved, or attempted child luring. Truth Verification - Polygraph - Pre-employment polygraph testing - Interrogation strategies - Statement analysis • Linguistic analysis of pure version statement  Answering in their own words an open-ended question  Look for weakness in their statement: deception, omissions, time gaps Polygraph - Atechnique for detecting deception through changes in physiology (i.e. respiration, cardio and galvanic skin response) - Need polygraph test in order to work for the RCMP • Other Canadian police forces use this too - 32 forensic polygraph examiners in RCMP - The polygraph detects deception through physiology changes - Examiners are usually police officers who have successfully complete a 3 month training course at the Canadian Police College and receive accreditation - Polygraph is not admissible evidence in Canadian courts, but a confession gained from a polygraph is • Psychopaths still know truth from lies, they just don’t care, so they can still be polygraphed - Approximately 1,100 forensic tests were given this year Criminal Profiling - Different names: psychological profiling, offender profiling, criminal personality profiling, investigative profiling, etc… • RCMP uses “criminal investigative analysis” - Criminal profiling section does: • Threat assessment • Case linkage analysis • Profile of unknown offender • Indirect personality assessment (interviewing people who know the offender) • Equivocal death analysis (homicide?Accident? Suicide?) • Support for sea
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