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16 Psychopaths.docx

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Carleton University
PSYC 2400
Jenelle Power

Psychopaths Psychopathy - Apersonality disorder • Arrogant, deceitful interpersonal style  Very manipulative- do whatever it takes to get what they want  Think highly of themselves; over-confident  Really good social skills  Lack empathy (don’t feel remorse)  Understand that they are inflicting pain, they just don’t care • Deficient affective experiences (affect= how they experience emotions) • Impulsive and irresponsible behaviors  Very sensation-seeking/risk takers • Early onset & diverse antisocial behavior - Has to be a cluster of all these attributes, not just one or two - Descriptions of psychopathy exist in most cultures Who is actually a psychopath? (3 ways) - Self-report inventories - Observer rating - Structured clinical interviews Self-report measures - Advantages: • Cost-effective, not time-consuming • Measure emotions that cannot be observed • Easy to administer • Do not require inter-rater reliability • Can detect faking (good and bad)  Meant to detect if you are lying - Challenges: • Psychopaths lie • May not have sufficient insight • Do not experience certain emotions  Their experience with emotion is limited PCL-R – Robert Hare (how people classify psychopaths) - Hare’s Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) • Most popular method of assessing psychopathy in adults - Assesses interpersonal, affective, and behavioral features - Currently psychopathy is a 2 factor model: • Factor 1: interpersonal, affective traits (MOOD) • Factor 2: unstable and socially deviant traits (CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR,ACTING OUT) - 20 items, 3-point scale - Uses a semi-structured interview and a review of file information (like criminal history) to assess interpersonal features of psychopaths (ex: grandiosity, manipulativeness) 40 Psychopaths 30 Mean PCL-R Scores 22 Male Offenders 19 FemaleOffenders 5 General Population 0 - Score 0-40 - 30+ is psychopaths - Males= 22 - Women= 19 Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) - Apersonality disorder characterized by a history of behaviors in which the rights of others are violated - Psychopathy is not a diagnosis in the DSM - Need to display three or more symptoms • Need a history of conduct disorder  Repeatedly engage in criminal activity  Deceitfulness  Irresponsibility  Impulsivity  Lack of remorse  Irritability  Reckless behavior - Have to show these behaviors as a child - Essentially, everyone who is a psychopath has antisocial personality, but not the other way around Does Psychopathy = Serial Killer? - Many serial killers are psychopaths • But most psychopaths are not serial killers - Most killers are not psychopaths - 10% to 25% of prison populations - ~1% of general population What makes them tick? - Unclear
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