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PSYC 2400
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PSYC 2400 TClass 2 Forensic PsychologyCHAPTER1What is forensic Psychology Field of psychology that deal with all aspect of criminal behaviour as it relates to the law and the justice systemLatin ForensicsMeaning of the forumWhere the law courts of ancient Rome were heldPsychologyHuman behaviour CSI Stuff blood and lab work Forensic science Forensic Psychologist Concerned with mental health issues and the legal system Both researchtreatment Major work is working with an individual needs and instrument to determine the risk assessment They need to know if the measure is a good one See the difference between offender with treatment and nontreatment Must be licensed Need PHD and Pass Board exam Varies between provinces Experimental Psychologist Mostly professors or governmentNGO Study human behaviour as it relates to the law andor Legal System Interaction between law and human behaviourPHD level training Legitimate field 4 areas1Forensic psychology textbooks2Scientific journals concentrate en studies done in the area of forensic psychology3Professional associationhold conferences 4University programs 1974 first joint lawpsyc programExisting program are also evolving towards it FPsyc is a new program Historical highlights Key researchersJames Cattell 1895First experiements in psyc of testimonyasked students about things in everyday life Asked how confident are you He found that people are inaccurate and confidence had nothing to do with it Alfred Binet 1900French PsychologistMost well known work with intelligence testing mostly with childrenAsk leading questions to one group or descriptive questions to another group Asked to redraw the images Free recall was the best way to get the right answer from a child kids ares susceptible to suggestively asked questions Logical error report something that made senseImaginative responses making things up William Stern 1910 research on testimony reality experiment staged an altercation in the front of the class and asked the students to report what they have seen Memory changed depending on what happened in the situationemotional arousal decreases your ability to remember He created the idea of how we do research Hugo Monsterberg 1908Father of psychology book on the witness stand greatly criticized sued for his book His research was not done with a great amount of research Alberst Von SchrenckNotzing 1896Psychologist used as expert in court role of media and suggestion retroactive memoryfalsificationKey witnesses and jury arent allowed to watch the media and watch the news before and during the court process Much research still going onElizabeth loft still doing research more details in eye witness memory Landmark casesState vs Driver expert testimony by psychologist US psychologist was rejected because he could not help decide who was telling the truth or not Brown vs Board of education use of experimental results from social sciences Showing segregation has been a nuisance to development of younger people His testimony was accepted Functions of an expert witnessAids in understanding an issueProvides and impartial opinion Although experts are paid and the best pay pays the best experts issue is the fact that they are paid since they try to convince the jury about a certain subject Regina Vs Mohan supreme court rules on admissibility of expert evidence Mohan rulesoRelevantoBeyond common knowledgeoNot violate any rules of exclusionoQualified expert little gray judge will decide if you are an expert based on the licenses 1Knowledge Psychologyresearch Lawprecedent2Methodology Psychology Nomothetic on avg how ppl reactLaw idiographic case by case basis3Epistemology PsychologyExperiment replicate findings Lawadversarial evidence once against the others proof 4Criteria PsychologyStrict tolerate 5 of error in researchLaw Lenient the approach can change and might have mistakes5Nature Psychology Descriptive Law prescriptive tells ppl how they have to behave 6Principles Psychologymultiples may have more than one answer or possibilityLawSingle lawyers tries and convince the jury that only one answer is right 7 Latitude Psychology LimitedLaw UnlimitedPsychological TheoriesPsychoanalytic Theories Internal Dynamics and early experiences based on what is going on inside of you and what has happen when younger Freud idunconscience the mind wants and it goes after it ego product of learned experience based on early child hood experiences keeps the id in checksuperego product of learned experience grow more slowly guilt angel on the shoulderFreudcrimeReasons why ppl commint crime 1Harsh superego unconscious desire to punished for past sins2Weak superego superego does not regulate your ID impulsive cannot feel guilt Seen to be more violent 3Deviant superego raised in environment that does not correspond with the norms the way it develops because of what was learned while growing up Personality Theories The makeup of criminal personalities certain personalities more likely to become a criminal Eysenk biosocial theory genetic componentCriminal behaviour due toGenetic factors neurophysiological reactivityEnvironmental socialization historyConditioned conscious Transgressiondistress cuesimultaneousParental disciplineneg EmotionGuilt When it is done enough thats the conditioned consciousPersonality extraversion outgoing underactive system always under aroused need more stimuliIntroversion always stimulated avoid risk more quietHigh Neuroticism ans unstable lash outLow neuroticism calm relaxed More criminal are found in high neuroticism and extraversion Most criminals in prison are found in that section Learning theories Learning through direct and indirect consequences how we learn will determine if we will become and the actions we will do later own in our lives Albert BanduraSocial learning theory assumes that aggression is learnedMajor source observational learning 3 sources family symbolic TV movies media peersBobo doll experiment adult nice or mean with the doll and the child would be in the room with all the toys They checked the reaction of the child Lecture34PolicePsychologyChapter2Importance of Selection Police officers have considerable powerAbuse of power leads to lack of trust and confidenceTypes of Police Deviance High level corruptionviolent crime physical abuse of suspectdenying civil rights protesters criminal enterpriseproperty crimes stealing itemsmajor bribes large sums of moneyLow lever corruptiontampering evidence destroying evidence or protecting fellow officerbeing above inconvenient law driving faster whereverminor bribes smaller amount of money playing favorites letting your friend go when catching him on ticketgratuities free coffee at tummiesExample Corruption in NYC So when we hit a place wed take some money to reimburse our informant payments After a while with so much dough lying around you just take more If you find 10 grand you take only three or four thousand You cant raid a drug house and come back and not turn in some money Thatd would be a sure tipoffNYC police officer Dowd convicted of corruption Example Corruption in New Orleans 1994Case of Kim Groves
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