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Final

Final Exam Definition List.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2700
Professor
Allan

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Final Exam Definition List CHAPTER 7 •  Encoding specific  – The principle that we learn information together with its  context. This means that presence of the context can lead to enhanced memory for  the information. •  Generation effec  Memory for material is better when a person generates the  material him­ or herself, rather than passively receiving it •  Levels of processing (LOP  [Refer to page 174] •  Maintenance rehearsal   [Refer to page 173] – Rehearsal that involves repetition  without any consideration of meaning or making connections to other information.  It helps maintain info in the STM, but doesn’t help in transferring info to the  LTM.  •  Elaborative Rehearsa  Rehearsal that involves thinking about the meaning of an  item to be remembered or making connections between that item and prior  knowledge. This is a better method of transferring info to the LTM. •  Consolidation  The process that transforms new memories into a state in which  they are more resistant to disruption. •  Reconsolidation  A process proposed by Nader and others. It occurs when a  memory is reactivated. This process is similar to the consolidation that occurs  after initial learning, although it apparently occurs more rapidly. •  Transfer appropriate processin  When the type of task that occurs during  encoding matches the type of task that occurs during retrieval. This type of  processing can result in enhanced memory. CHAPTER 8 •  Autobiographical memory –  Recollected events of a person’s past •  Flashbulb memory   Brown & Kulik proposed the term to refer to a person’s  memory for the circumstances surrounding hearing about shocking, highly  charged events. They proposed that these flashbulb memories are vivid and  detailed, like photographs. •  Misinformation effec  Misleading information presented after a person witnesses  an event can change how the person describes that event later.  •  Misleading post­event information (MPI):  The misleading information that causes  the misinformation effect. •  Source misattributio  Occurs when the source of a memory is misidentified.  Equivalent to source monitoring error •  Source monitoring:  The process by which people determine the origins of  memories, knowledge, or beliefs. Remembering that you heard about something  from a particular person would be an example of source monitoring.  •  Source monitoring error  Misidentifying the source of a memory (equivalent to  source misattribution). CHAPTER 9 •  Back propagation –  the process by which error signals are sent back to the hidden  and representation units to 
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