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PSYC 2700 Midterm: Forensic Psych Midterm Review


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2700
Professor
Rebecca Mugford
Study Guide
Midterm

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Forensic Psychology Lecture 10
Sentencing
“Imposition of a legal sanction on persons convicted of an oence”
Purpose (On EXAM SA)
oDenunciation: sending a message
o Specic deterrence: specic to a person
o General deterrence: prevent criminal behavior from the rest of society
o Incapacitation: stop someone from committing crimes
o Rehabilitation:
o Reparation: a ne
o Promote responsibility
Principles (On EXAM SA)
oA sentence must be proportionate to the gravity of the oence
oA sentence must be proportionate to the responsibility of the oender
Aggravating: increases sentence, e.g. oender was in position of
power
Mitigating factor: decreases sentence, eg. Accident
oA sentence should not deprive the oender of liberty if at all possible
Sentencing options
oAbsolute discharge (found guilty but not convicted)
oConditional Discharge (similar to probation)
oReparation
oFines
oCommunity service
oConditional sentences (convicted of crime. Jailed on weekends)
oImprisonment
Not very eective: punishment results in higher rates of recidivism
The death penalty
oCanada: Abolished in 1976 (general) /1999 (Military crimes)
oUS:
legal in 32 states
1,403 executions since 1976
3,054 on death row
oDisadvantages
Not a deterrent
Is expensive
Biased- Black people are executed more
Innocent people could be killed
Sentencing disparity
oSentences may be dierent even if crimes and circumstances are
similar
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o
oStudied via:
Simulations
Sentencing Statistics
Attitudes towards sentencing
oPublic Opinion Polls
Think sentencing is too lenient
Low condence in the CJS (but better than compared too other
countries)
Support alternative sentencing practices
oFocus Groups
Get to know peoples beliefs really well
Disadvantage: results aren’t generalizable
oExperimental research
Summary
oGoals of sentencing
oPrinciples of sentencing
oSentencing options
oThe death penalty
oSentencing disparity
oAttitudes towards sentencing
Oender Treatment
Historical Background (won’t be on exam)
oExtensive debate over “what works” in oender rehabilitation
oEarly work did not present favourable conclusions regarding the
eectiveness of correctional interventions
oMartinson (1974) presented the “nothing works” conclusion in his
paper that evaluated 231 primary research studies
Meta-Analysis
oIntegrates the ndings of many studies
oeect size= how eective is this treatment (disregard textbook
denition pg 261)
Positive or negative
oDevelopment
First treatment meta-analysis by Garrett (1985)
cognitive-behavioral/family treatment best
Whitehead and Lab (1989) conducted a meta-analysis – no
promising evidence
Andrews et al. (1990) conduct meta-analysis on broad sample of
oender treatment studies
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