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PSYC 3603- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 21 pages long!)
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21 Pages
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Winter 2017

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3603
Professor
Connie K.
Study Guide
Midterm

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Waterloo
PSYC 3603
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Psychology of women
Defining psychology of women: the area of feminism in the 2nd wave in the 1960s
Consists of feminist research, theories, education and practice aimed toward
understanding and improving the lives of girls and women
We are now into the 3rd wave of feminism
Increasing our understanding of young girls and women and help improve their lives
Themes in the psych women
Intersectionality: gender (looking at power more than the actual genders) , race & class
interact to influence behaviour, which contributes to the diversity of women’s
experiences
Gender differences in power results in gender being a status and power variable
Gender is socially constructed rather than biologically determined
Many of the issues women encounter (e.g., depression) are caused by external or
situational forces rather than something about them
Why should we study it?
For last week: body shaming
For this week: patriarchy of world wide beliefs (source: status of women canada, 2017)
Jan 12/17
Theories of women’s oppression
Different types of feminisms: liberal, cultural, radical, socialist, multiracial/global/3rd wave and
conservative (there isn’t such thing as this, locate gender difference biological sense) _each
provides a different explanation of women’s subordination to men _feminist are into social
change of some sort
Liberal feminism: motivated first 1st wave-the goal is the gender equality in the public
sphere. What they want to do to achieve this goals is by being in the public so via
political and legal reforms. However, they are not that much concerned with the private
sphere only if it impedes women’s equality in the public sphere (eg., want access to
childcare and abortion to ensure women’s autonomy and ability to work)
Cultural feminism: they believe increasing society’s recognition of the value of women’s
attributes and contributions as critical to promoting equality (e.g., in the workforce men
that have strength or hardcore ( rational) attributes is more better than females
emotional attributes). The pay attention on the alpha bias that looks more at differences
in male and females than their similarities. They believe that women are more able to
maintain peace in the planet than males, they have better able to address social
problems therefore they should have more positions in power. They believe equal
treatment disadvantages women >> need to work for substantive equality ( because
women attend hospitals more, therefore, they should be allowed to attend healthcare
more than males) ; not the formal equality (social insurance companys will allow both
males and females to attend hospitals even though males don’t need much health care
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
like females do) sought by liberal feminists. (Essentialism: seeing male and females
as totally different beings)
Radical feminism: regarding “patriarchy” as the cause of women’s subordination_ 1:
looking at the idea of a system of hierarchical social structures( individual responsibility
& biological determinism) in which men have power over women & 2: is a set of beliefs
that legitimizes and maintains men’s power over women (i.e., sexism).The idea of
patriarchy is not universal (Wood & Eagly 2002). The nature of gender difference are
biologically wired. This are social arrangement that put women in their place.
Ambivalent sexism: it is hostile sexism (it involves, overt expressions of prejudice &
discrimination against women *they believe that women are trying to devalue men
through their sexism) and benevolent sexism (expressed by men’s prosocial, chivalrous
behavior e.g., holding the door for women) _ sometimes you can be both, the male can
be violent and take your soul but at the same time he will be sweet and kind just to make
you feel good in some way. Another example, when a man wants to date a women they
will come as sweet and gentle but has soon as they start dating, the men will start to
change his behaviour towards the women
January 19/ 17
Feminist perspectives on research methods
Whatever paradigm that a feminist uses is like a religion _ in a sense of the beliefs are
basic in the sense that they must..
Post-positivism:reality creates the person (feminist empiricists also known
as liberal feminist) they regard science as a tool to uncover law of cause
and effect in order to explain, predict and control behaviour. Looking at
the external and internal forces acting on people (Skinner-behaviourism).
In order to identify the internal & external forces they use the deductive:
top-down; general (theory) to specific (hypothesis), observations or data
and patterns. Whereby induction is bottom- up, so specific to a general
understanding then they will look for patterns, theory and then the
hypothesis. Interpretation of results: we have alpha bias ( the tendency to
maximize gender differences)_e.g., cultural feminism and beta bias
(tendency to minimize gender differences)_looking more at the similarities
and ignoring the differences that they might have. (Looking at the
example of rod and frame (Will) on gender differences: they found out
that men are field independent whereby females were field dependent )
Social constructionism: the person creates reality. (standpoint feminist)_
you can only see things from where you stand. The person creating
wrong reality. There goal of science is trying to understand the
experience and social constructions of others. They do this to find the
meaning or sense-making on their own experience others. They do not
only describe behaviours but they also evaluate, justify and interpret it.
The meaning are socially constructed and they are not a part of reality but
how we explain reality and make sense of it. They use the inductive
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Description
[PSYC 3603] Comprehensive winter guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Psychology of women Defining psychology of women: the area of feminism in the 2nd wave in the 1960s ● Consists of feminist research, theories, education and practice aimed toward understanding and improving the lives of girls and women ● We are now into the 3rd wave of feminism ● Increasing our understanding of young girls and women and help improve their lives Themes in the psych women ● Intersectionality: gender (looking at power more than the actual genders) , race & class interact to influence behaviour, which contributes to the diversity of women’s experiences ● Gender differences in power results in gender being a status and power variable ● Gender is socially constructed rather than biologically determined ● Many of the issues women encounter (e.g., depression) are caused by external or situational forces rather than something about them Why should we study it? For last week: body shaming For this week:patriarchy of world wide beliefs (source: status of women canada, 2017) Jan 12/17 Theories of women’s oppression Different types of feminisms: liberal, cultural, radical, socialist, multiracial/global/3rd wave and conservative (there isn’t such thing as this, locate gender difference biological sense) _each provides a different explanation of women’s subordination to men _feminist are into social change of some sort ● Liberal feminism: motivated first 1st wave-the goal is the gender equality in the public sphere. What they want to do to achieve this goals is by being in the public so via political and legal reforms. However, they are not that much concerned with the private sphere only if it impedes women’s equality in the public sphere (eg., want access to childcare and abortion to ensure women’s autonomy and ability to work) ● Cultural feminism: they believe increasing society’s recognition of the value of women’s attributes and contributions as critical to promoting equality (e.g., in the workforce men that have strength or hardcore ( rational) attributes is more better than females emotional attributes). The pay attention on the alpha bias that looks more at differences in male and females than their similarities. They believe that women are more able to maintain peace in the planet than males, they have better able to address social problems therefore they should have more positions in power. They believe equal treatment disadvantages women >> need to work for substantive equality ( because women attend hospitals more, therefore, they should be allowed to attend healthcare more than males) ; not the formal equality (social insurance companys will allow both males and females to attend hospitals even though males don’t need much health care find more resources at oneclass.com
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