Chapter 13 - review guide answers.docx

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PSYC 3604
Connie Kristiansen

Chapter 13 and lectures childhood disordersThe old DSMDSM4 the disorders were first diagnosed in infancy childhood or adolescence but many disorders often has an onset during childhoodadolescence but there is no clear linedistinction btwn childhoodadult disorders but adults have more control over their symptomsNeurodevelopmental Disorders 1Intellectual Disability This was refer to mental retardation but mental retardation has a negative connotation to it Essential features are deficits in mental abilities and impairment in everyday adaptive functioning these impairment are at an agegender and socioculturally matched peers level these exist on a continuumthus ability to use abstract ability reason solve a problem planned are impairedOnset is usually in childhood can actually grow normally Two types of mental retardationOrganic retardationdue to biological factors and the levels of retardation are severeCulturalfamilial retardation oLess evidence that is due to biological factors tend to be less severe than organic retardation with a good intervention child will eventually develop normal abilitiesBiological causes biological factors can cause mental retardationoGenetic factors IQ is partially inherited Children that receive treatment early can develop normally Phenylketonuriaunable to metabolize phenylamine and amino acids thus phenylamine builds up and causes brain damage and TaySachs disease carried by a recessive gene and present btwn 36 months is genetically transmitted Autosomes are the 22 chromosomes rdWhile sex chromosomes is the 23 pair of chromosomeDown syndromeor Trisomy 21 is due to chromosome 21 they tend to have heart and gastrointestinal problems their mental retardation varyand its the most famous mental retardation Fragile X chromosomes is the second most common mental retardation its when the tip of chromosome X breaks down its pretty causes severe to profound mental retardation Other mental retardation are due to chromosome 13 and 18 oPrenatal environment Caused when pregnant women contact rubella viruses herpes virus syphilis Also chronic maternal disorders such as high blood pressure diabetes can interfere with fetus nutrition and brain development Also may due by exposition to drugsthat can pass through the placentaCocaine constrict mothers blood vessels reduce oxygen and blood flow to the fetus these babies in term are less alert and responsive and deficit in emotioncognition they are really existed and have a hard time regulating their sleepwake pattern Alcohol can cause fetal alcohol syndrome FAS they tend to have IQ that is around 68 they have poor judgement have a hard getting social cues hardinability to learn from experiences as teens their academic skills resemble those of a 2 year old its common oFirst years of lifeSevere Head traumas can also cause mental retardation Shaken baby syndrome when you shake violently a baby cam cause intracranial injury and retinal hemorrhage because neck is to weak to control their huge head when they are shakenBrain bleeding can lead to seizures partial or total blindness paralysis and mental retardation or death
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