Study Guides (247,963)
Canada (121,192)
Religion (162)
RELI 1710 (79)
all (37)

RELIGION 1710.docx

36 Pages
104 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Religion
Course
RELI 1710
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
RELIGION1710thLectureOneSeptember72012IntroductionTheacademicstudyofreligionandtheinsiderpracticeofreligionandtheologyarefundamentallydifferentReligioncanbeanythingyouwantittobe52definitionsofreligionWestudyIslamChristianityandJudaismtogetherbecausetheyborrowideasfromeachotherinthereentirehistoryTheoriesofReligionGeorgeFrazersocialanthropologistReligionhelpspeopleexplainthingsthattheywouldotherwisebeabletoexplaininterestedInprimitivesocietieshearguedthatinmanyprimitivesocietiesthataretribalnonruralnothighlystructuredcultureshenoticedthattheirreligionoftenfocusedontherealworldbutbelievingthattherealworldwasanimatedthereissomethinglivinginthewaterwaterGodSkyGodsanimismReligionprovidesanswerstopeoplesquestionsReligiondoesmuchmorethanjustexplainoranswerourquestionsSigmundFreudpsychologistReligionexistsbecausepeopleareweakitistheresultofpsychologicaldistressarguedthatreligionistheretosolveorcuresomementalsicknessArguedreligionsolvedthispainbeingafraidofdeathetcReligiondoesdothisforpeopleSincehebelievethatreligionhadasitssourceaneurosishefiguredifyoucouldcureaneurosisthenyoueliminatetheneedforreligionEmileDurkheimsociologistGodissocietywritlargeReligionwasthecementofsocietyhebelievedthatreligionwasaconstructionofeachsocietythatswhyeveryreligionisdifferentTherulesandstructuresthatpertaintothesocietyarewrittenontotheskymadelargerthanlifeIfIasocietyispatriarchalisitreallysurprisingthattheirgodismaleAllofthathappensifasocietyiskinshipbasedorpatriarchalitisconstructedaroundHethinkssocietyisthesocialconstructingelementofreligionReligiondoesalwayscoherewiththecultureitrepresentsReligionfunctionsascementbondingagentholdssocietytogetherFunctionalistapproachinterestedinmostlywhatreligiondoesfunctionintheworldKarlMarxpoliticalphilosopherReligionisatoolusedtofoolthepoorandoppressednotafunctionalistwaskeenlyawareofpowerThewayreligionintersectswithpowertocontrolpeopleandculturesWhenaculturedefinesitselfasdefinablymandatedhowIdressmymasculinityheterosexualityisdefinedbyGodthanthatculturewilltendtolookdimlyonanythingthatthatdoesntabidebyanythingthatdoesntacceptthisFormofpowerenforcesuniformofpoweronagroupCulturecomesfromGodOpiumofthemassesreligioncanbeusedtoputthemassesintothisdruginducedcomabutpromisingthemthatthingswillimprovewhenyoudieMarxwasrightinthesensethatreligioncanbeusedforoppressionMirceaEliadehistorianofreligionReligionarticulatesthedifferencebetweensacredupthereGodsworldandprofanereallifemateriallifethisistheheartofreligionTheproblemwithhistheoryheignoreswhatisdifferentbetweenreligionscausehejustlumpstheminfortheircommonalitiesEachofthesedescribessomeaspectofreligionthatisrightandsomethatarewrongNoneofthemaccountsforreligioninitstotalityThewordreligionispartoftheproblemItshadacomplexhistoryThetermreligioniswhatwewouldcallasecondorderconcepttermUntilrecentlynobodyusedthewordreligiontodescribewhattheydoReligionisatermwegavewhatwedoandwhattheydontdoItisnotatermthatisnativetoanybodyThatmakesthistermascholarlyconstructWeinventedthistermtogatherdatatogetherthatwethinkisrelatedItshowweclassifycertaintermsthatwethinkisrelatedNobodyknowsexactlywherethetermreligionderivesfromReligioncomesfromtwoLatinwordsReconnectAnotherproblemdefiningreligionisthatitsaChristianterminologyforitselfTheworldreligioninitsfirstrootsReagainligtojoinasaligamentconnectingournaturalworldtothesacredworldReligionDinIslamHalakhahJudaismapathReligiondefinitionReligionisavehiclefortransmittingmythWhatisamythnarrativesoftenwithfantasticnotnormalelementsanimalstalkingetcGodwalkingamongthepeoplefoundationaltoacommunitytransmittingvaluesrelevanttothatcommunityHowwestudyreligionReligioniseternaletherealandtranscendentHistorytemporalsituatedandcontextualthLectureTwoSeptember142012JudaismThemythicalhistoryofJewishhistorystartsinabout18001900BCEwedontreallyknowweguessMoretimeelapsedbetweenthehistoriesofJudaismthefoundingofJudaismismoretimebetweenthefoundingofIslamthanthereisinthefoundingofChristianityandtodayReligionthathaspassedthroughmillenniaExtremelysmallreligionChristiansmakeupof33oftheworldMuslims20thenthereisJudaismisverysmallBegsthequestionofwhyitissomuchsmallerTheologicalexplanationvsacademicexplanationCommontheologicalexplanationisthatGodfavorsChristiansandMuslimsmorethanJewsnottrueAsociologicalexplanationIslamandChristianityaremissionaryreligionstheyhaveasystemandanexpectationoffairlyaggressiveoutreachseekingtoconvertthepeoplearoundthemJudaismisnotamissionaryreligionthereisscholarlydebateoveritNeverhadinitshistorywhenitwasamissionizedreligionwhenitwasseekingtoconvertthosearoundthemwhowerenotJewishThisisnottosaythatyoucannotconverttoJudaismyoucanConversionisanalwayshasbeenpossibleitsjustneverbeenaggressivelysoughtoutasithasinChristianandMuslimhistoryThataloneexplainswhyitissomuchsmaller15millionintheworldtodayareJewishHolocaustcuttheJudaismpopulationinhalfThehistoryofJudaismissolongthatyoucouldsaytotellthehistoryoftheJewsistoprettymuchtellthehistoryofhumanityinthewestJewsIsraelitesetcmanynamesforthesepeopleTherearemanynamesforthelandoftheJewsJudahJudeaandIsraelandPalestineromanthoughtthatthephilistinewasPalestineJewsthemselvesJudeaJudahandIsraelJudeanvsjewvsIsraeliteThereligiontheyobservewedontalwayscallitJudaismthereisaprocessfromwhatwecallitthereligionofAbrahamIsaacandIsraelitesetcTheIsraeliteshaveinteractedwithmanydifferenttypesofreligiouspeopleandateverypointthereligionhaschangedineveryperiodJewshaveintermarriedLiethatJewsareapureraceTheissueofwhoisaJewWhatisJewishnessThereisreligiousJudaismandthereisculturalJewishnessalsocalledethnicallyJewishThereisJewswhodontbelieveingodandeatporkthedontliveaJewishlifestyleButoddlytheyselfidentifyasJewishthisiscalledculturalethnicJewishnessThiscommunityaswellwithahistoryCulturallyChristiancelebrateChristmasbutdontgotochurchWehavedominantlyculturallyChristianity
More Less

Related notes for RELI 1710

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit