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Final

Practice Final Answer Key - Lecture 7 8.docx

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Department
Social Work
Course Code
SOWK 2501
Professor
Adje Van De Sande

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Practice Final | SOWK2501 A | Lecture 7 – 8 Choose the best answer. Answer Key. 1. Participatory Action Research (PAR) a. is the research method standing in oppositions to the structural approach to research b. emphasizes the importance of social justice and empowering people c. originated in the United States in 1950 d. benefits individual clients more than the greater society [micro level intervention] 2. According to James Dudley, PAR: a. is not consistent with a social justice orientation b. hinders the researcher from collaborating with the people affected by the problem on the articulation of the research question and design c. does not allow the researchers and/or participants to determine if the study will bring about social change d. should involve the participants who, after a certain amount of training, act as ‘lay researchers’ collaborating on an equal footing with professional researchers, clients and community leaders 3. PAR is a participatory process that: a. requires an unequal involvement of consumers in the identification of their concerns and in the search for solutions and actions to address identified needs and improve social conditions b. discourages the participation of citizens who are service consumers and still have a vested interest in the outcomes of the research c. promotes independence and can be an essential component to identifying the needs of vulnerable populations d. none of the above 4. Action should result through: a. Research/Investigation b. Leading c. Partnership d. Both A & C 5. Kurt Lewin: a. believed group work was too dysfunctional to be productive or efficient b. known as the father of group dynamics; he introduced the term ‘action research’ during the early part of the twentieth century c. discouraged citizen participation in problem solving d. all of the above 6. Jack Rothman, in his classic work on community organization, identified 3 models: a. Local development, social prevention, and social activism b. Locality development, social planning, and social action c. Local development, social planning, and social direction d. Locality development, social prevention, and social anthropology 7. Locality Development a. presupposes that community change may be pursued optimally through broad participation of a wide spectrum of people at the local community level in goal determination and action b. was an approach used less than a century ago by settlement houses in India c. is quantifiably the most important model of community organization d. both A & C 8. Saul Alinsky a. was a huge critic of social work research – believing that statistics were not reliable b. developed a social action model that stresses the importance of collective action and the need to organize oppressed people into a political force c. disagreed with the idea that “a real organization of the people… must be rooted in the experiences of the people themselves.” d. all of the above 9. Paolo Freire: a. known for his work on the liberation of oppressed people in Brazil b. was the first to make the link between education and political transformation c. did not develop PAR d. all of the above 10. “Praxis”: a. involves a one-time process of planning, action and reflection b. was a concept presented by Freire in a published work from 1970 c. is unfortunately missing in the process of PAR – therefore, there is no way of developing knowledge and the critical consciousness of community members d. none of the above 11. Paolo Friere: a. explained that traditional research only serves to reinforce the reciprocal and complementary relationship between oppressor and the oppressed b. saw research not as a neutral act but as an act of solidarity c. did not develop PAR, but he would have been a strong supporter d. all of the above 12. The origin of the term PAR a. originated in the 1970’s with Colombian sociologist, Orlando Fals-Borda b. was built on the work of Paolo Freire c. was first used to describe an alternative to traditional research, to strengthen political and democratic movements d. all of the above 13. Budd Hall a. was not present at the Cartagena conference, but heard about PAR through news articles b. doubted the benefits of developing an international network of researchers using PAR c. was met with enthusiasm towards PAR by his academic colleagues d. believed the ultimate goal of PAR is the radical transformation of the social reality 14. According to Hall, the community should: a. choose the original subject of research, define, analyze, and solve the problem b. actively participate in the entire research process, thus they should be the beneficiaries c. have a greater awareness of their own resources to mobilize them for self-reliant development d. all of the above 15. In PAR, the researcher a. uses a more scientific method of research in that it facilitates a more accurate and authentic analysis of social reality b. is not a committed participant and learner in the process of research c. does not shares power with those that are researched d. none of the above 16. In comparison to PAR, Traditional Research usually: a. involves a cyclical reflective process leading to action b. takes the opinion of the researched (those investigated) into consideration with decisions c. makes use of an empiricist approach that separates the data and information from its context d. all of the above 17. PAR researchers believe that a. you can make sense of the data without considering the context b. you cannot make sense of the data without considering the context c. you cannot make sense of statistics without considering the date the data was gathered d. both A & C 18. Whereas the traditional positivist sees the world as having a single reality that can be known by an independent, neutral and objective scientist using the scientific method and controlled experiments, PAR researchers a. rely on an empiricist approach which focuses on the meaning people assign to reality b. rely on an interpretist approach which focuses on the meaning people assign to reality c. rely on an empiricist approach which focuses on measurable facts and statistics d. rely on an interpretist approach which focuses on measurable facts and statistics 19. Stages in the PAR research process include: a. Understand the research topic b. Focus on the research question / Design the study c. Collect & analyze the data; prepare the report d. All of the above 20. In PAR, degrees of Citizen Participation can be analyzed: a. through a grid comparing citizen involvement in research (direct/indirect) and conducting research (actively/passively) b. where an ideal participatory approach is both indirect and passive c. where an ideal participatory approach is both indirect and active d. both A & C 21. A key concept of PAR is a. impartial relationships & cultural relativism b. equitable relationships & cultural competitiveness c. equitable relationships & cultural competence d. equality & competition ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------- 22. Case-Level Research Designs are a. generally used by social workers to evaluate their own practice b. applied to a single case (individual, a family, a group, or a community) c. also called Single-Subject Designs or Single-System Designs d. all of the above 23. There are generally three types of designs; a. Exploratory, Descriptive, and Instructive b. Descriptive, Explanatory, and Experimental c. Experimental, Expressive, and Explanatory d. Exploratory, Descriptive, and Explanatory 24. These designs provide only preliminary information but cannot tell us if the intervention caused the change a. Explanatory designs b. Descriptive designs c. Exploratory designs d. None of the above 25. An exploratory design measures the answer to the following question: a. “Does this client have a specific problem?” [measure the problem at different time intervals to determine a baseline] b. “Does our intervention have an impact on the problem?” [measure the problem after the intervention is carried out] c. “Will a different intervention have an impact on the problem?” [measure the problem after the intervention is carried out] d. All of the above 26. Descriptive Designs answer the questions; “How is the client functioning before and during the intervention?” through these basic designs: a. AB [baseline score & client functioning during the intervention] b. ABC [similar to AB except there is an added intervention – i.e. group counselling] c. ABAC [a new intervention is added after we return to the baseline measurement] d. Both A & B 27. An explanatory design asks; “How effective is our intervention in helping the client?” through the following designs: a. Reversal Designs [ABA/ABAB, BAB, or BCBC designs] b. Multiple Baseline Designs [similar to ABAB – but applied to more than one client, problem, or setting] c. all of the above d. the Reversal Designs and Multiple Baseline Designs [which both require baseline measurements] 28. In ABA (explanatory) designs, the second A represents: a. the introduction of a new intervention – i.e. individual counselling b. the withdrawal of the intervention phase – to determine if the improvement is maintained after the intervention
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