READINGS & TERMS
Lightman text: pp. 330, 3781
Moscovitch, A. (2012). Welfare State. Retrieved from
Early Period 18401890: poverty, neglected children,
(regulatory/philanthropic), compulsory education & public health
Transitional Phase 18911940: economic focus, Industrial
Relations legislation, Old Age Pension (1927),
Interventionist Phase 19411974: “welfare state”, post
Depression, British Beveridge Report, Keynes’ White Paper, OAS
universal, GIS, Indian Act amended, permanent hospital funding,
marriage & birth rights…
Erosion & the Future of Welfare 1975 : claw backs,
privatization, residual welfare to return economic prosperity [fail]
… Canada Health Act 1984, no family allowance, CHST (1996)
cuts support, food banks appear, homelessness increases.
Briggs, A. (1967). The welfare state in historical perspective. In C. I Schottland
(Ed.) The Welfare State: Selected Essays (pp. 2545). New York: Harper & Row.
“Welfare State” has many definitions – different for various
cultures or time periods.
Rowntree: poverty is not the individual responsibility (!) 19
The Constitution Act, 1982, Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c 11.
Olsen, G. M. (2002). Welfare state models and typologies: Locating Canada,
Sweden, and the United States. In The Politics of the Welfare State: Canada,
Sweden, and the United States (pp. 6990). Don Mills, ON: Oxford.
[COURSEPACK] LIBERAL: [US, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, UK,
Ireland] ▯poor laws, Beveridge, redisidual, compensator of last
resort, alleviation of poverty, limited, needsbsed, selective, low
flat rate, social assistance, private sector significant, civilsector
SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC: [Sweden] ▯institutional, compensator &
employer of first resort, abolition of poverty, greater income
equality, full employment, extensive, rightsbased, universal,
modest flat rate (with incomerelated second tier), universality,
comprehensive, minor private/civil sector, Nordic
• [Mediterranean Nations, Spain] ▯Catholic/Rudimentary,
residual, compensator of last resort, alleviation of poverty,
limited, contributionbased, employees, incomerelated
(low maximum), social insurance, limited, minor private /
significant civil sector
• [Continental Nations, Germany] ▯
Achievement/Performance, institutional, compensator of
first resort, income maintenance, extensive, contributions
based, employees, incomerelated (high maximum), social
insurance, limited, minor private/civil sector
Yalnizyan, A. (2010). The Rise of Canada’s Richest 1%. Ottawa: Canadian Centre
for Policy Alternatives. Retrieved from
A rising tide does not lift all boats – who benefits?
Wages = major source of income, then & now.
Tax cuts strip from the poorest & delete programs.
Hulchanski, J. D. (2009, February). Homelessness in Canada: Past, Present,
Future. Keynote address at Growing Home: Housing and Homelessness in
Canada, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. Retrieved from
Focus on: 1. Housing, 2. Cause & Solution (housing, income,
support services), 3. Legal Action (court challenge, homelessness
is a violation of Charter rights) Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. (2011). 2011 Employment
Insurance Monitoring and Assessment Report. Ottawa, ON: Canada Employment
Insurance Commission. Retrieved from
Highlights & Chapter 1]
EI. History. Benefits. Access requirements. Entitlements. Work
sharing benefits. Waiting period(s). Level of benefit / minimum
divisor. Small weeks. Family supplement. Target population – both
insured/noninsured. Provincial support. Career transition.
Gilmore, J. & LaRochelleCôté, S. (2011). Inside the labour market downturn