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SOCI 1002
Christian Carron

Politics The state must have a specific territory and center of power - State: The state consists of the institutions responsible for formulating and carrying out a country's laws and public policies - State has a monopoly over the legitimate means of violence - Therefore, the state claims the sole right to apply coercive force - The other side of the state monopoly of physical coercion is that any use of force which has not been authorized by the state, or committed by anyone other than its authorized agents, is condemned as an act of violence • Punching someone in the face The nation imagined community, emotional and mental identification with - No single answer likely to satisfy everybody - The nation is not a 'reality' in the same way in which the state may be defined - The state is 'real' in the sense of having clearly drawn boundaries, both on the map and on the land - The same cannot be said about the nation.Anation is an 'imagined community' because it exists as an entity in so far as its members mentally and emotionally 'identify themselves' with a collective body - True, nations usually occupy a continuous territory, however, hardly any nations boast a monopoly of residence on any territory - Within virtually any territory there are people living side-by-side who define themselves as belonging to different nations and whose loyalty is thus claimed by different nationalisms - In many territories no nation can really claim a majority, much less a position sufficiently dominant to define the ‘national character’of the land The national state- a story of mutual attraction  state needs nation, and nation needs state (to protect values and norms) - Nationalisms normally demand power – the right to use coercion – in order to secure the preservation and continuity of the nation - So, much as the state needs nationalism for its legitimation, nationalism needs the state for its effectiveness. The national state is the product of this mutual attraction • One state and one nation would overlap100%.All people in the State would identify as the same nation Power and authority- several types - Politics is machine that determines “who gets what, when, and how” (Lasswell, 1936) - Power : the ability to control others, even against their will - fuels the machine • Use of power sometimes involves force - When most people basically agree with how political machine is run, raw power becomes authority, which is legitimate, institutionalized power • Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified • Power is institutionalized when norms and statuses of social organizations govern its use - Weber described three ideal bases on which authority can rest: 1. Traditional authority: Is the norm in tribal and feudal societies and involves rulers inheriting authority through family or clan ties • Traditional authority, the norm in tribal and feudal societies, involves rulers inheriting authority through family or clan ties. The right of a family or clan to monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the will of a god 2. Legal-rational authority: Is typical of modern so
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