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Socio exam review.docx

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SOCI 1002
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1Sociology Exam reviewSociology can be said to study the socialelements such as culture class race and gender have both enabling and constraining impacts on individuals and how individuals impact society through social movements Sociology involves critical thinking and questioning what otherwise may simply be taken for granted or assumed to be naturalGiven that regardless of what we do the central questions of sociology we could say are how do the types of social relations and societies that we inhabit relate to how we see each other ourselves and our knowledge actions and their consequencesSociological imagination is a way of looking at the world that allows links between the apparently private problems of the individual and important social issuesThe steps of Social problems are The emergence of social problems legitimation of social problems mobilization of action formation of an official plan of action implementation of the official planSocial movement is an organized activity that encourages or discourages social change They are about an issue big or small and seeking to encouragediscourage change in regards to that issue Examples are gay rights civil rights and environmental rights movements Claims making is process of trying to convince the public and public officials of the importance of joining a social movement to address a particular issueBut Frame Alignment is about recruitment of a new members or gaining support from a wider publicStages in Social Movements Emergence coalescence bureaucratization declineFour Types of Social Movements are Alternative Redemptive Reformative and RevolutionaryFive Explanations of Social Movements are Relative Deprivation ValueAdded Resource Mobilization Social Constructionist and New Social Movement Theory Social Groups are composed of a set of people who identify with one another and adhere to defined norms roles or statuses Examples families sport teams college Two types exist primary ex familysecondary ex sociology class and communities Interestsocial networks Exchangeorganizations purposeOrganizations communities pursuing defined tasks They have organizational rules which members must follow and each member have different roles to play within the organizations Large secondary groups organized to achieve their goals efficiently formal with three types utilitarian one that pays people for their efforts Ex large businesses government etcnormative people join normative organization not for income but to pursue some goal they think is morally worthwhile Ex NGOs religious
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