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Carleton University
SOCI 2445
Darryl Davies

Constructionist Perspective Sociology Documentary on Bobby from last week: class discussion - Integrative shaming – did not work - Stigmatic shaming: shame imposed is in the justice system – status alienation (humiliating you)- drives a wedge been the person in court - They felt he had free will – differential association– Edward Mark Sullivan – it is the learning of techniques of committing the crime and he did not learn it from pedophile • He was possibly a victim himself and went on to do it himself Victims – are they deviant in any way? - Yes because the vast majority is committed in the family – and went unreported - Policy makers do not consider - The victims were deviant by presenting tenacity and following the predator and publishing the name and his whereabouts What are some of the concerns of publishing the names of offenders? - You can be attached by someone that is not listed so it doesn’t matter _____________________________________________________________________ - Whether we like it or not we are accountable for the society we create- even though we know sexual abuse happens to children we do not talk about, therefore do nothing about it • Regardless of the horrific background someone has it cannot define reasoning for their actions. • Most people in our prisons are largely the disadvantaged, mental health issues, substance abuse, impoverished, and under educated(illiterate) • It is the law that decides when a person gets out – it is not the fault of the person who committed an offence • It is only what we know based on evidence – scientific evidence that we think it can trust it - Not so long ago we did an experiment on Spark St and asked people questions about the politicians on parliament hill – but use a name of someone that does not exist • Ask questions about a person that does not exist – and people will present an opinion regardless – their opinion will be based on the question/incident and not on the person • Ex. Should we have troops inAfghanistan - Law looks at statue - state law – based on a legal interpretation – evidence based approaches are completely different. CONFLICT THEORIES Howard S. Becker’s labeling theory (know about him for exam) - Labeling is a definitional term and varies according to who does the labeling • Society saw drug users as the “outsiders”, and the outsiders (druggies) saw society as outsiders - The transfer of a label only becomes valued when the person being labeled understands the label - It is not the label that is important, it is the interaction between the labeler and the person being labeled - Becker’s definition: Deviance is not a quality that lies in behavior itself, rather, it is in the interaction between the person who commits an act and those who respond to it (know this for the exam!!) - Social groups create deviance by making the rules (laws) who’s infractions create deviance, and applying those rules to particular people, and labeling them as outsiders - Deviance is not a quality of the act the person commits, but rather a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanction to an offender. - The deviant person is one to whom the label has been successfully applied. - Deviant behavior is behavior that people so label - Someone can call you an idiot, but it doesn’t have the same significance than if your teacher calls you an idiot - If you reject the label, then it doesn’t apply Edwin Lemert - Primary act- Commission of the act. Do it once. Ex: smoking a joint once - Secondary deviant- Goes through a series of steps • Aprocess where you commit the primary act the first time and once you start the primary act there is social penalties that occur • One you get caught there are social penalties • However you go back and commit another act of primary deviation and there are further more sever social penalties, - stigmatized in court or with friends • When you continue to commit deviant acts – at the end of it ultimately the person accepts who they are – whether you like it or not “I am who I am”..!! Social reality of crime theory Richard Quenny (KNOW FOR EXAM!!!) - Proposition #1: Crime is a legal definition of human conduct that is created by
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