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SOCI 1002 Study Guide - Traditional Authority, Political Machine, Totalitarianism


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 1002
Professor
Christian Carron

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Politics
The state must have a specific territory and center of power
-State: The state consists of the institutions responsible for formulating and carrying out a
country's laws and public policies
-State has a monopoly over the legitimate means of violence
-Therefore, the state claims the sole right to apply coercive force
-The other side of the state monopoly of physical coercion is that any use of force which
has not been authorized by the state, or committed by anyone other than its authorized
agents, is condemned as an act of violence
Punching someone in the face
The nation imagined community, emotional and mental identification with
-No single answer likely to satisfy everybody
-The nation is not a 'reality' in the same way in which the state may be defined
-The state is 'real' in the sense of having clearly drawn boundaries, both on the map and
on the land
-The same cannot be said about the nation. A nation is an 'imagined community' because
it exists as an entity in so far as its members mentally and emotionally 'identify
themselves' with a collective body
-True, nations usually occupy a continuous territory, however, hardly any nations boast a
monopoly of residence on any territory
-Within virtually any territory there are people living side-by-side who define themselves
as belonging to different nations and whose loyalty is thus claimed by different
nationalisms
-In many territories no nation can really claim a majority, much less a position sufficiently
dominant to define the ‘national character of the land
The national state- a story of mutual attraction state needs nation, and nation needs state
(to protect values and norms)
-Nationalisms normally demand power – the right to use coercion – in order to secure the
preservation and continuity of the nation
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