SOCI 1002 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Symbolic Interactionism, False Consciousness, Consumerism
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Christian Pasiak’s Introduction to Sociology Part II (SOCI1002) Midterm Exam Preparation Questions:
We’ve already covered a lot of content this term, so this review is designed to help students further
narrow their focus while studying.
From the review of the introductory chapter of the text, students should have a general sense of what
types of things each major tradition focuses on and how society is viewed from different sociological
How does the “functionalist” tradition tend to describe society? What types of structures would be the
focus/how would a functionalist perspective be framed (e.g. would it be though a “macro-“ or “micro-“
lens)? How might someone from the “functionalist” tradition in sociology approach some of the topics
we’ve covered so far this term (e.g. deviance and crime, division of men’s and women’s roles)? How might
a functionalist perspective explain why social patterns exist/why social inequalities exist?
How does the “conflict”/critical tradition tend to study society? What is frequently the main focus of a
conflict approach to understanding society (e.g. one’s relation to means of production, patterns of
domination and submission, exploitative class relations, consumerism, false consciousness)? What types
of social structures are the focus? What might be the focus of a conflict approach to topics we’ve covered
so far this term (e.g. when it comes to talking about deviance and crime, explanations for division of men’s
and women’s labour)?
What does the symbolic interactionist tradition in sociology tend to focus on? What types of social
structures? How might a symbolic interactionist perspective talk about people’s identities?
How are sociological perspectives and approaches rooted in the contemporary social problems of their
times? E.g. What types of issues do feminist sociologists tend to study? Is there only one “feminist
perspective”? What types of issues might critical race theorists study?
What is the “sociological imagination” and why might developing your capacity for a sociological
imagination be useful?
Deviance & Crime
What is crime? What is deviance? Are all criminal activities considered to be socially deviant? Are all forms
of deviance criminal?
What are sanctions? What are examples of formal versus informal sanctions?
What are laws?
What is stigma? Describe what happens in a process of “stigmatization”?
Explain how a “self-fulfilling prophecy” might perpetuate the assumption that some social groups are
What is the difference between “street crime” and “suite crime”? Are these equally enforced? What might
conflict theorists criticize here?
What did Cohen find to be the case when it comes to subcultures, norms, and conformity?