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Department
Commerce
Course
COMM 315
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
11accepteddefinitionblackslawdictionaty1891lawisasetofrulesandguidelinesbywhichasocietyhascometoacceptasawayoflivingandconductingitself121forcommunitiestogrowsomeorderforregulatingitsactivitieswasnecessarycommunitiessetupbasicruleslawsinwrittenformhabitscustomsorwordofmouthearlywrittenlawishammurabiofbabylon2100bclawsbeganinteractingwitheachothermorecomplexlawswereneeded122lawensuressecurityenablesthosewhosufferlossordamagetoreceivecompensationprovidespunishmenttothosewhodisturbsocialorderlawestablishesandenforcesstandardsofconductinthecommunitylawsmaintainstatusquoourlawcontainsthemechanismorprocessbywhichexistinglawsmaybechangedorreplacedwhenlegislatorsthinklawshouldbechangedtheyusethisprocesstomakethechangespeoplewantfunctionoflawisforthepeopletoexercisetheirrighttoexpressthemselvesasindividualscanadianlawdefinesindividualsrightsbystatingthedutiesandresponsibilitiesapersonmayhavetowardothermembersofthecommunityifweinterferewithothersrightscivillawcallsthisabuseofrights123overtimecustomsareusedsooftentheybecometheonlywayifpeoplearedeclaredrulerstheywillbeinauthoritytocreatenewlawsifacountryinvadesanotheritmaydeclareitsownlawsindemocracypeoplechoseotherstochoselawsforthesociety13lawsarewrittennoemotionorfeelingtheytellusthestandardsofbehaviourarerequiredofthepeoplelawisappliedenforcedbyjudgestheyunderstandhowcitizensactlawallowsjudgesdiscretiontheymayapplywordsastheywishlawiscleartelluswhatispermittedjudgesapplythelawandweseekjusticeinhowthelawisappliedthemajorityofthosewhoholdpowerwillimposetheirownstandardsonthenation14itisnotuncommonforalawandanethicalprincipletocontradicteachother15privatelawconsistsofrulesthatregulateobligationsbetweencitizenscontractlawlegalrelationshipinmatterssuchasleasesandemploymentcommerciallawhowtosetupanenterpriseandtoprovidegoodsorservicespropertylawhelpsustosettleboundarydifferenceswithyourneighbourcivilliabilitylawtheconsequencesofanindividualsnegligencePubliclawgovernsrelationshipbetweencitizensandtheirstatenationcountrycriminallawtaxationlawhighwaylawlanguagelawbankruptcylawpeoplewhocommittheseoffenseshurtnotonlyavictimbutalsothewholesocietycriminaloffensesmaybepunishedwithlossofpersonalfreedomprisoncriminallawguiltyinnocentprivatelawpersonissuednotcharged152civillawbasisforlawreisidesinlegislationdecisionsmustbebasedontheletterofthelawcommonlawbasisforlawisgroundedintheprincipleofprecedenceandcaselaworjurisprudencecommonlawsocietyemphasizeslawsmadebythejudges16civilcodecontainsrulesthatexplainssubstantivelawpartoflawwherewecanfindthesubstanceofourrightswelooktocivilcodetoseewhatrightswehaveifsomeonesellsusdefectivemerchandiseorfailstopayrentordamagesourpropertycivilcodedoesnottellushowtoexerciseourrightsafterweareawareofourrightswemustlooktoquebecdoeofcivilproceduretofindtheadjectivallawwhichcontainstheproceduresenablingustoobtainwhatisrightfullyoursunderthesubstantivelaw171ifyoubelievesomeoneowesyousomethingyoubringittocourtsuingsuemeanstostartlegalproceedingsandhavejudgelistentoyourargumentsbeginswithexchangeofdocumentsintehdocumentspartythatissuingexplainswhypaymentisdemandedandotherpartyexplainswhyitisdeniedaftertheyhavedetailedtheargumentsinthedocumentstheygotocourttopleadtheirrespectivecases172outsideofcourtthepartiesarereferredtoascreditorsanddebtorscreditorshaveclaimsagainstdebtorsitmaybemoniesowedorgoodsandservicesagreeduponnotpaidmanydebtorsormanydebtorsmaybeaffectedbyaclaimwhentheytakelegalactionpartiesarereferredtoasplaintiffanddefendantifmultiplecreditorswanttotakeactionagainstadebtortogetheritiscalledaclassactionsuit173plaintiffselectswherecivilactionwillbeinstitutedarticle68ccpstatesthatitmaybethedefendantlivesthedefendnathaspropertywherethecauseofactionarosethecontractwasmadethepropertyindisputeissituated174wehaveaperiodoftimetoexerciseourrightsifthetimeperiodendstherightsexpirePrescriptionisthelegalmethodwhichthecivillawestablishesforapersontoacquireortoloserightsbythemerelapseoftimeincommonlawjurisdictionstheprescriptionperiodsaredealtwithastatuteoflimitationsoveralleverythingprescribesafter10yearsbutmostcommonlyitis3years18legalsystemsaremadeof1sturcture2law3administrationandenforcementofthelaws
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