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Child development notes.docx

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EDUC 211
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thChild development January 16 201Chapter 1Information about child development is interdisciplinarygrown through the combined efforts of people from many fieldsDevelopment 1 Physical2 Cognitive3 Emotional and SocialPrenatal period conception to birth9month periodMost rapid time of changeOrganism is transformed into a human baby Infancy and toddlerhood birth to 2 years oldDramatic changes in the body and brain motor perceptual and intellectual capacities beginning of language first intimate ties to othersInfancy spans the first year and toddlerhood the secondChildren take their first independent stepEarly childhood 26 years oldBody becomes longer and leanerMotor skills are refinedChildren become more controlled and self sufficientMake believe play blossomsThought and language expandsSense of moralityChildren establish relationships with peersMiddle childhood 611 years oldChildren learn about the wider worldMaster new responsibilitiesAthletic abilitiesMore logical thought processesMastery of fundamental reading writing math and other skillsAdvances in understanding the self and othersAdolescence 1118 years oldTransition to adulthoodPuberty and sexual maturationThoughts became abstract and idealisticSchoolhigher positions in the worldPersonal values and goalsEmerging adulthood 1825 years oldNot fully assumed adult rolesExplorations in terms of love career and personal values before making enduring commitmentsththResearch on child development began in the late 19 and early 20 centuriesTheoryOrderly integrated set of statements that describe explain and predict behavioraProvide organizing frameworks for our observations of children guide and give meaningbBasis for practical actions how to improve the welfare and treatment of childrenA theorys continued existence depends on scientific verification must be tested and replicated over time Children are complex beings They change physically cognitively emotionally and socially No single theory has explained all these aspectsExistence of many theories helps advance knowledge as researchers continually try to support contradict and integrate different points of views Continuous vs discontinuousContinuous process of gradually adding more of the same type of skills that were there to begin withSame logic as adults but cannot perform skills with as much information and precisionDiscontinuous process in which new ways of understanding and responding to the world emerge at specific timesThoughts emotions and behavior differs considerably from that of adultsSeries of development stepsDiscontinuous theories acknowledge stagesStages qualitative changes in thinking feeling and behavior that characterize specific time periodsCourse of development
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