EXCI 251 FUNDAMENTALS OF HEALTH & PHYSICAL ACTIVITY WINTER 2013
INSTRUCTIONS & STUDY CONTENT GUIDE FOR THE FINAL EXAM
•What is an NPN?
•Why do many active people use a variety of natural health products & drugs?
•Are most NHPs & substances safe to use?
•Are most NHPs effective for improving athletic performance?
•What are the main categories of natural health products & substances that
are used in an attempt to improve performance & appearance?
•What is the most popular category of NHPs?
•By a wide margin, what are the most popular NHPs taken by active people?
•Which group of NHPs has a large proportion of NHPs that are controlled
substances that require a prescription, otherwise they are considered illegal?
•Natural Health Products & Substances Taken to Increase Muscle Growth
Which NHPs & substances are used to increase muscle size or
Which NHPs & substances have been shown by research studies to
increase muscle size?
Which NHPs & substances are banned for over-the-counter sale in
What is testosterone?
Which lipid (fat) is used to synthesize testosterone in the human body?
What are androgenic anabolic steroids (AAS)?
Synthetic male hormones taken to enhance athletic performance and
Why are anabolic steroids taken by people?
people take them in hope of gaining weight , and muscle size and
improving strenght , power , speed , endurance , aggressiveness and
Who uses AAS?
Are AAS natural health products or controlled drugs & substances?
Do AAS actually increase muscle mass & muscle strength?
What are the possible side effects of using androgenic anabolic
liver damage and tumors, decrease levels of HDL , heart disease ,
depressed sperm & testosterone production.
What are the possible side effects of AAS?
Liver damage and tumors, decrease levels of HDL , heart disease ,
depressed sperm & testosterone production. Depressed immune
function, problems with sugar metabolism .
What is alopecia?
What is gynecomastia?
Which side effects of AAS use are specific to males & females?
Masculinization in women