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HIST 325

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WEEK 2Document seen in classDaily news The Roman Empire and its declineWhatWhenNature cultureProblems in the economical levels and politicalReligionGreat cultural and intellectual achievement Rome is the eternal city but there were citites before like Jerico that flourished 4000 years before RomeChristians barbarian shepereds destroyed jerico The roman civilization goes far as the greek city states develop their brilliance while rome is being constructedThe greek invented the wheel handwriting before so Rome not that old and eternal Marseilles is older ever it was a phenecian colonie The east was always in advance then the west and RomeRome was never really the capital of the civilized world china was always ahead on different fieldsCanal buildings textiles and printing Even India had a lot of civilization in terms of urban planningRome was certainly fabulous and the empire as well both making a big contribution of human development Although Greeks had the democratie the Romans had public discussions of politics in a public space even though the free people are a minority women mistreated in Greece more than rome and an awful lot of slaveryGreek world did make nice things but both will never have their aspectsRome was never a democracy more of an aristocratic empire Wealth was not distributedIn Rome the senate looked around itself and eventually the emperor will be named His function will be to control the greedy groups a littleEven though Rome was not as democratic and less favorable to the citizen than Athens women had some rights and have some land Greek women just were collective slaves Rome developed some things on of them being an Empire beyond their landThe greek never developed and empire outside of Greece their world never got unified they set up colonies but never set up and empire The romans will unify the entire Mediterranean and then head to the West They discovered the way of incorporating others in their political unities so that most of these people participate Athens tried to use their lead to attack but exploited a lot Sparta also too small couldnt do itHow did Rome come to dominate the entre Mediterranean and eventually the world They didnt take over the world really they just incorporated techniques and cooperated with other people Its really a Mediterranean empire that was built with Rome as the capital that became the center of it but only when certain groups of religious fanatics attack The wealthy aristocrats will form the senate of Rome also incorporate member of the eliteGreeks never did that and tried to hold down the world impossibleThe Roman Empire worked for commerce it became a lake for shipping the Mediterranean where there are very few storms Land transport was difficult and expensive at the time slow but best roads in the west The roads survived 2000 years But still only at the end that they advance harvest working that you can attach horses to heavy loads but you cannot use anythingIt had always been easier and cheaper to ship them on water through the Mediterranean The romans have a clearer concept of PRIVATE PROPERTY more clear than today even The romans will want to destroy your land Very clear concept that will go in the west once Rome declines Commerce private properties were always dominated more by the aristocrat a bourgeoisie and merchants During the glory years everything worked very well the populations are much greater than greeksfirst civilization Sumarians 50 000 max the greeks 250 000 in Athens Rome had around a million at its peak So a lot of wealth that comes always form the countryside and not always from the city very rarely mainly rural wealth An Alexandria 500 000 person Egypt gets absorbedThe west stays an untouched land until the romans come and make profits out of land domains and the romans make labor games of slaves to produce cereal that they exchange against wine and olives China sends on the silk roads to India and then to Persia then some of those goods end up in Europe Until at least the year 300 the empire was a world market for goods even though not a lot of travelers The trade never stopped completely only diminished when the barbaric kingdom slowed it a bit There HAS to be SALT To preserve foods so the salt needs to be exchanged There is always SOME trade happening Cities will dry up otherwiseThe dynamic world of 500 BC and 200AD the population more than doubled Rome can have a million people 4x then Athens the romans had CEMENT They constructed lot Rome can go higher and build more the greek ruins had only wood roofs unlike romans with cement roofs The best achievement of the greeks were geometry they were theorists There greatest statues came when there were no fetures the greek world passed and then the theoretical goes awayThe romans were always practical pragmatic they told them how to live not interested about the nature of life They are law makers political thinkers take history from the greeks and make it better The romans take handwriting and the greek style on papyrus encourage trade because it only grows in Egypt along the nile and nowhere elsealways trading They wrote rational history some did social history and explanations Why did the Persian develop this and that Greek world unique Etc A lot of heavy history at that time but generally a reason for writing history Why Edifiying reasons encouraging humanity Greeks and romans had that unlike any others they encouraged humanity They honored the gods but kept it to themselves Always respected the gods and goddesses respect them and then continue your life humanists world of the greeks and romans Machiaveli was humanists and not like humanitariansThe appearance of black magic and white magicsupernatural world of humanists that are very tolerant merchants also and cannot stand communism so they were very tolerantRestaurants were butcher shops wine merchants You dont want water because it is in the public fountains water is rare Wine is around though The axe of the roman senate got published romans also discussed public discussion with the public spherecitizen who is wealthy and free to devote time to the public good and discuss not workers who work a lot Neoliberals always see the individual fighting against the other public group of a collectivity No greek nor roman had that thought so yay its an individual within the societyThe public space supports debates those newspapers were oral lessons written down by people These manuscripts are circulated and made books the people selling the papyrus and ink will look out to get some getting a copie hiring a scribe copy it and sell itCommunication is the most important see document studied in class projected Rome has good communications the arenas with theatres and chariant races circus Also great public baths fairly free world not a shy world They have religion their gods become more and more humans with time thoughWhen Around 500 that it emerges really Somewhere the city throws out the King from outside The romans themselves between the tuscans and the latins threw him out and for some years addressed a small state 300 through war good allies unlike the greeks or the carthadginians they went to be the capital of a unified Italy ndrdand then in 2 and 3 century they come into war with Carthaginians3 wars triumphant Rome
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