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SOCI 203
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38 39 40 41WMDWEBER Social constructivist MARXS Political economy DURKHEIM FunctionalismSame domainSocial constructivistinteractionist Dramaturgical approach is also relates to social roles and status And they are all related to social interactionism by undestanding hw others have an effect on you and the choices that you makePolitical economyconflict theoryC Wright Mills Social Imaginationthe ability to situate personal troubles within an informed frameworkof social issues The sociological imagination goes beyond armchair sociology or common sense Usually avs studyConflict theory definition from the book the study of how social systems or organization manage conflicts between different interest groups Its a macro level analysis so it looks at the system as a whole and criticize it For example karl marx criticizes capitalism by saying it causes class conflict so he preaches for freedom against the ruling class which is the capitalist class Conflict theory basically emphasizes social political and material inequalityMaterialism is the opposite of idealismIt says that all reality is based on matter We dont have free will because we are tied by our social and economic statusMaterial living position transform our personal needs we went from sharing resources to property ownership that created the social class The only free will you have is to work to change your economic status So it emphasizes the importance of labourCritical approach is when a theorist does not just explain something but he goes further by criticizing it giving his opinion The wiki book also gives an example when karl marx talked about capitalism he was definitely against it He wanted to change the economic structure Feminism is also critical and black feminism They all wanted a change and this is what their theory aimed forArmchair sociology is an attempt to understand how the social world works without employing scientific methods InductionGathering data deductionAuguste Comte who coined the term sociology The first was the theological stage where people took a religious view of society The second was the metaphysical stage where people understood society as natural not supernatural Comtes final stage was the scientific or positivist stage which he believed to be the pinnacle of social development In the scientific stage society would be governed by reliable knowledge and would be understood in light of the knowledge produced by science primarily sociologyThe first book with the term sociology in its title was written in the mid19th century by the English philosopher Herbert Spencer In the United States the first Sociology course was taught at the University of Kansas Lawrence in 1890 under the title Elements of Sociology the oldest continuing sociology course in America The first full fledged university department of sociology in the United States was established in 1892 at the University of Chicago by Albion W Small who in 1895 founded the American Journal of Sociology The first European department of sociology was founded in 1895 at the University of Bordeaux by Emile Durkheim founder of LAnne Sociologique 1896 In 1919 a sociology department was established in Germany at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich by Max Weber and in 1920 in Poland by Florian Znaniecki The first sociology departments in the United Kingdom were founded after the Second World War
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