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Study Guide

[THEO 202] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (49 pages long!)


Department
Theology
Course Code
THEO 202
Professor
Matthew Anderson
Study Guide
Final

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Concordia
THEO 202
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Chapter 1 (page 3-10)
Bible A collection of different writing from different authors over hundreds of years
o In three languages: Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek
o Different kinds of writtings -> narratives, letters psalms
Gospel of John -> His “testimony” rather than “I”
“We” in verse John 21:24
o “We” acknowledges the group of people beyond the disciples. His disciples are
original “whom Jesus loved”
Canon: A collection of writings that carries authority in a given religious community
Kanon : The standard by which a religious community evaluates beliefs,
practices and ethical behavior.
o Why standards?
Without standards -> There is no group
Without things that bind people together, they are not a group.
o A group must have a purpose and agree upon means of working towards that
purpose.
o Rules are explicit = Always there
o All religious groups must have some guide for their beliefs and practices
o Or else no reason to come together.
Boundaries: must have ways to determine who is in it and who is not.
Second Temple Judaism (515 BCE 70 CE) needed boundaries to differentiate them off
from polytheistic world and from each other.
o A way to determine what their identity was to be
o It clarifies who you’re not
Groups needs to reject beliefs + practices that violates their core beliefs
o They were not narrow-minded but they needed ways to be clean about who they
are
If you belong to a group that has openness or inclusiveness as a central, value, you cannot
allow a person who successfully works at excluding as many people as possible to be part
of your group.
It is urgent to draw boundaries when a group faces opposition or persecution because
people want to be clear about about what they are willing to suffer for
Jewish community + Christ believers wrote canon for the bible
Evidence that it has been written by more than one person
In 70 CE -> Romans destroyed other parts of temple complex when they broke Jerusalem
to end a revolt -> Western wall of temple.
The biblical writers interpret the events reveal something about the people’s relationships
with God.
In addition to the texts that retell Israel’s nations story, the books attributed to prophets
were often completed only after the prophet’s death
Prophet is often referred in the third person rather than in the first person
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Prophetic books -> Often say the word of the Lord came to him rather than saying
to me
The book of the Law -> 6th Century BCE
The story of King Josiah (640-609) shows now late the process of
gathering these books started. In 2 Kings 22:8-13) Josiah commissioned a
refurbishing of the neglected temple of Gold in Jerusalem.
Workers found the book of the law at the back of the temple
Worried about this state of affairs they called on a prophet, Huldah to verify the
book really was the word of God
o She confirmed
During Josiah’s reform, the people kept the Passover for the first time in 300
years (2 Kings 23:21-23)
Israelites do not have an extensive collection of writings by Moses on how they
should live and worship.
Process of developing a canon did not begin until same time after this point
o Story took place in 620 BCE
o 35 years before the kingdom of Judah fell
Exile : Judah fell in 587 : large part forced to migrate to Babylon (Irq)
Babylonian Empire fell to the Persians (Iran)
Persian’s policy concerning regions in more distant parts of the empire ->
Differed Babylonians
Allowed Judah to return to Jerusalem in 539 and permission to govern themselves
by their ancestral laws.
Book of Nehemiah -> Priest Ezra fathered people of Jerusalem and read book of
the law of Moses
3 Parts of Hebrew Bible
Pentateuch -> First of five books -> Jorah in Hebrew bible
By the mid-second century BCE, the book of Ecclesiasticus or Sirach (part of
Apocrypha: Biblical or related writings outside of the Christian tradition not
forming part of the canon scripture.) could refer to a collection of writings divided
into 3 groups:
o The Law
o The Prophets
o Etc.
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