Study Guides (238,472)
Canada (115,151)
Theology (47)
THEO 206 (43)
All (21)


7 Pages
Unlock Document

Concordia University
THEO 206

THEO 206 FINAL EXAM1Explain the new relationships between church and emperor in the East and West in the fourth and fifth centuries Lesson 6In this question the relationship between the church and the emperor signifies the relationship between the church and the statepoliticsadministrationNote oAlthough the eastern and western empires were run differently they were both a part of the Roman Empire oThere was no emperor in the East There was only a monarch who looked over the spiritual wellbeing of the citizens oIn the East they mixed the two powers monarch and emperoroIn the West the two powers have stayed separate to this dayoIn the West the pope is the political ruler of the VaticanThe Great Persecution took place from 303 to 313Galerius decree of toleration in 311 put an end to the Great Persecution although it still lingered in the EastConstantine converted to Christianity in 312 It became more tolerated but not officially legalizedIn 313 with the Edict of Milan Christianity was legalized The official document put an end to the Great Persecution thThe theory of two powers refers to the second half of the 4 century when the Eastern and Western empires initially separated It is said that this separation took place in 364 by the emperor Valentinian I The second half of the empire was ruled by his brother Later in 395 both empires officially became separate entities Since Christianity became enforced in both empires prior to the official separation they ultimately took different paths The theory of two powers did not exist in the East The church takes precedence over the empirestate because the state is finite and does not transcend time to be above and independent of time This makes it subordinate less important to the church which does transcend time because it is the material representation of Christ As a result when there were governmentalstately affairs the emperor managed them while the bishop managed spiritual affairs After the empire split in two two systems emergedoIn the East there was the symphonia system The emperor was regarded as the supreme pontiff Gods representative on Earth As a result he had dominion power over religious and stately affairs oIn the West the powers were more separate There was the Altar and the Throne The Bishops dealt with spiritual matters whereas the emperor dealt with stately affairs rdDuring the 3 century Christianity was making great headway and expanding geographically It was in the process of becoming a nation An expansion took place between 260 and 302 in the Roman Empire creating a period of peace and triumph for Christianity By the time the Great Persecution took place Christians were found in all major cities especially in the eastern provinces WESTConstantine was always sympathetic to Christianity When he converted in 312 he had therefore decided that his personal mission was to convert the Roman Empire to that religion he was in the West The destinies of the church and the state were then linkedConstantine granted bishops certain judicial functions allowing them to gradually take over secular activities
More Less

Related notes for THEO 206

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.