Tiessen and Heron reading:
• since 2005 Canadian volunteers abroad have increased from 2,50 to 8,500.
• When volunteering is under 6 months it helps personal growth but not the NGO.
• students are able to take a lot of breaks and get to do things locals are not able to
do while working, which creates inequality.
• money that can be given directly to the country is being used on air fair and for
students to do the work for them. this is taking opportunities away from locals.
• 14 century and on – Spanish, French, British and Portuguese founded colonial
posessions in the Americas while their holds on Africa/Asia continued to grow.
• scholars believe economic motives lithed to the industrial revolution launched the
classic ‘high’ imperialism of the 19 century. Expansion of European empires
was set out as a way to search for ner markets and new investments/consumers.
1. imperialism as an era – European expansion beginning in the 16 century and the
era of high imperialism between 1870 – 1914.
2. imerpialism as an economic system – which a state pursues external investment
and penetration of markets and sources of raw materialism – neocolonialism –
that colonies are still heavily reliant/remain subject to their previous colonial
3. imperialism as political systems such as those of Britain’s empire, colonies are
ruled from central seat of power.
• late 19 century imperial boosters applied Darwin’s theory of evolution to all
human societies ▯European peple represented a more evolved type of human
while darker skinned humans were still surviving earlier forms of humans.
Stop Trying to Save Africa
• keep a child/ I am Africa campaign is an example of celebrity lead/promoted
organizations that depict/promote stereotypes of Africa as disease filled black
holes of death.
• media focuses on negative aspects like corrupt leaders and “tribal” conflicts
rather then anything good about the continent.
• Nigeria uprising – 100 killed 200,000 displaced. The western media
commented on violence but not how state and local government provided
humanitarian aid for survivors without international help. Social workers in
Nigeria helped survivors the most and they got no recognition however when
celebrities do a few weeks of aid work they get praised for it.
Ethical Volunteer Guide 7 questions to ask pre volunteering:
1. what work will I do? How many hours a day will I work? Volunteers are
dissatisfied when they didn’t do what they paid/planned to do.
2. does the organization work with local partner organization? work with community
not impose on them, what partner and their relationship with them, why is the
3. financial contributions to volunteer programs/ how much? clear figures of where
your money is going.
4. policies on economical/ethical tourism? How are they implemented? Long term
commitment plans? local staff and is what I’m doing needed?
5. time frame the programme runs on – will it continue when I leave?
6. precise contact details for your chosen program – relationship between host
7. support/training received? not only about labour but culture and ongoing? is