PHIL 1000Y Study Guide - Final Guide: Divine Command Theory, Ontological Argument, Rule Utilitarianism

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It is irrational to believe in something you cannot prove: ought implies can, if you ought to prove something, then it must be the case that you can prove something. Impossible to prove the non-existence of something you would need to search the entire universe and not find what you were looking for, which would take an infinite amount of time. It would take an infinite amount of time to see all the powers and label someone all-powerful. First cause argument: argument does not establish that the first cause is god, even if the premises are true, the conclusion that god was the 1st cause is false. Design argument: humans have evolved over millions of years and are the result of many mutations. Watches cannot reproduce, so the processes that create the two are not the same: every process that resulted in the creation of humans is equally unlikely.

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