Prosocial II 03/13/2013
Rural vs urban:
Man limpd fell with cry of pain, had a bleeding bandage, more people n rural areas helped more so then
Urban overload hypothesis: living in cities leads to over stimulation – in order to protect themselves from
century overload (lots of noise and stimuli) they keep to themselves and shut a lot of it out.
location is more important than the type of person.
Population density is more important than population size.
Kitty Genovese – the bystander effect: the greater the number of people around the less likely people will
Fake emergency experiment:
Had subjects come into the land to talk about ‘another’ subject but wasn’t real people just voice clips of
other people – no interactive convo just ‘heard somebody through an intercom’. They’re talking about their
university experiement and a confederate recording talks about having epilepsy and has seigers when
stressed out, the active participant talks and they go back and forth. Sometimes the subject hears the
confederate having a seizure’.
1. subject alone with victim – everybody helped by the end of the experiment ended, but most left before no
voice was heard
2. subject, victim and 1 stranger – heard victim, and heard 1 other person, believed there was one other
person present, it took much longer for them to go see if the victim was ok.
3. subject, victim and 4 strangers – in addition t the victim it took them a substantially longer, only 66% of
helping behavior – time it took for them to get up and leave the room
decision tree –
do you notice the event?
How do you interpret it, is it an emergency?
Do you Assume responsibility
You still might not no what to do – do you know the appropriate form of assistance
decision to implement help – if no phone is around and you need to physically intervene, do you help? Good Samaritan experiment:
Theology students were asked to do a speech/ lecture about the good Samaritan. = primed.
Group 1 told they had plenty of time not to wory
Group 2 – were told they were late had to get there asap.
A person was slumped in a doorway coughing and groaning –
Group 1 63% stopped to help, group 2 – 10% stoppe