NSG3 Study Guide - Intersubjectivity, Participant Observation, Institute Of Historical Research

health sciences
Course Code
Hall- Fanshawe College

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Chapter 7
Qualitative research:
A systematic, interactive and subjective research method used to describe and give
meaning to human experiences
The researcher goes wherever the participants are in
Data gathered comes from the text-meaning narrative words written from interviews that
were recorded then transcribed
Qualitative researchers believe there are multiple realities
Does the methodology fit with the research question?
Need to articulate a valid reason for conducting the study
Literature Review:
May need to look for similar research if the study has never been done before
Be able to articulate why the problem is significant
Study Design:
Receiving ethical approval
What qualitative method they choose
Sample and Setting:
Purposive sample- a group consisting of particular people who can elucidate the
phenomenon they want to study
The recruitment material must be very specific:
oInclusion- criteria that people must satisfy to participate in the study
oExclusion- criteria used to exclude people from participating in the study
Data saturation- no new ideas emerge
Personal biases about phenomenon of interest are identified in order to clarify how
personal experiences and beliefs may influence what is heard and reported
Important in descriptive phenomenology and ethnography
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Recruitment and data collection setting:
Usually collected in naturalistic setting
I.e.) participants home
Data Collection:
Interview individual
Focus group
Was informed consent obtained? (found in data collection section of article)
When did the researchers decide the sample was sufficient? (found in data collection
section of article)
What kind of question did the researcher ask? (found in data collection section of article)
Use auto-tapes to ensure they capture the participants exact words
Data Analysis:
Goal is to find commonalities and differences in the interview
A strategy for ensuring data accuracy
More than one data source presents the same findings
The expansion of research strategies in a single study or multiple studies to enhance
diversity, enrich understanding and accomplish specific goals
Generalizing from specific data
Purpose of study is to describe, discover or explore
Purpose of research is to confirm a theory or hypothesis
The underpinning of the research
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